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Phylogenetic analysis of the suborder plagiorchiata (Platyhelminthes, Digenea) based on partial lsrDNA sequences

Tkach, Vasyl
Mariaux, Jean
Published in International Journal for Parasitology. 2000, vol. 30, no. 1, p. 83-93
Abstract The phylogenetic relationships and systematic position of the members of the suborder Plagiorchiata, one of the derived and most diverse groups of Digenea, have always been controversial. Here, we present a phylogeny of this group based on the analysis of partial sequences of the lsrDNA in 28 species representing 13 families of Plagiorchiata, as well as four outgroups. Our results show that the Plagiorchiata, as considered by most authors, is not monophyletic, and that the superfamilies Opecoeloidea, and most probably Dicrocoelioidea and Gorgoderoidea, may have to be removed from this suborder. According to our results, the Plagiorchiata includes only parasites of terrestrial vertebrates. We find the Plagiorchiata to be composed of two well-supported clades which can be ranked as superfamilies: (1) Plagiorchioidea, including the Plagiorchiidae, Haematoloechidae, Telorchiidae, Brachycoeliidae and Leptophallidae; and (2) Microphalloidea containing the Microphallidae, Prosthogonimidae, Lecithodendriidae and Pleurogenidae. The genetic analysis also allowed revision of the position of several taxa of Plagiorchiata, including: (1) a confirmation of the position of the Brachycoeliidae within the Plagiorchiata; (2) a close phylogenetic relationships of Macrodera with Paralepoderma, Leptophallus and Metaleptophallus; (3) the grouping of Opisthioglyphe and Telorchis within a distinct and strongly supported clade; and (4) the placement of Allassogonoporus amphoraeformis within the Pleurogenidae, and not close to Lecithodendriidae. Some systematic changes, corresponding to these results, are proposed.
Keywords DigeneaLarge subunit rDNAMolecular phylogenyPlagiorchiataSystematics
PMID: 10675749
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TKACH, Vasyl, PAWLOWSKI, Jan Wojciech, MARIAUX, Jean. Phylogenetic analysis of the suborder plagiorchiata (Platyhelminthes, Digenea) based on partial lsrDNA sequences. In: International Journal for Parasitology, 2000, vol. 30, n° 1, p. 83-93. https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:85063

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