Scientific article
Open access

Anti-apolipoprotein A-1 auto-antibodies as active modulators of atherothrombosis

Published inThrombosis and haemostasis, vol. 116, no. 3
Publication date2016

Humoral autoimmune-mediated inflammation plays a role in atherogenesis, and potentially in arterial thrombosis. Anti-apolipoprotein A-1 (apoA-1) IgG have been reported to represent emergent mediators of atherogenesis through Toll-like receptors (TLR) 2, 4 and CD14 signalling. We investigated the role of anti-apoA-1 IgG on tissue factor (TF) expression and activation, a key coagulation regulator underlying atherothrombosis. Atherothrombosis features were determined by immunohistochemical TF staining of human carotid biopsies derived from patients with severe carotid stenosis undergoing elective surgery (n=176), and on aortic roots of different genetic backgrounds mice (ApoE-/-; TLR2-/-ApoE-/- and TLR4-/-ApoE-/-) exposed to passive immunisation with anti-apoA-1 IgG. Human serum levels of anti-apoA-1 IgG were measured by ELISA. In vitro, on human-monocyte-derived-macrophages (HMDM) the anti-apoA-1 IgG increased TF expression and activity were analysed by FACS and chromogenic assays in presence of different pharmacological inhibitors. Human serum anti-apoA-1 IgG levels significantly correlated to intraplaque TF expression in carotid biopsies (r=0.31, p<0.001), which was predictive of clinically symptomatic lesions. On HMDM, anti-apoA-1 IgG induced a TLR2, 4/CD14-dependent increase in TF expression and activity, involving NF-kappaB and a c-Jun N-terminal kinase-dependent AP-1 transcription factors. In ApoE-/- mice, anti-apoA-1 IgG passive immunisation significantly enhanced intraplaque TF expression when compared to control IgG. This effect was lost in both TLR2-/-ApoE-/- and TLR4-/-ApoE-/- backgrounds. These results demonstrate that anti-apoA-1 IgG are associated with TF expression in human atherosclerotic plaques, induce TF expression in vitro and in vivo through TLR2 and 4 signalling, supporting a possible causal relationship between anti-apoA-1 IgG and atherothrombosis.

Citation (ISO format)
PAGANO, Sabrina et al. Anti-apolipoprotein A-1 auto-antibodies as active modulators of atherothrombosis. In: Thrombosis and haemostasis, 2016, vol. 116, n° 3. doi: 10.1160/TH16-03-0229
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Article (Published version)
ISSN of the journal0340-6245

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