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Hydrothermal and mechanical stresses degrade fiber-matrix interfacial bond strength in dental fiber-reinforced composites

Schütt, Andrea
Alander, Pasi
Schwaller, Patrick
Buerki, Gerhard
Michler, Johann
Vallittu, Pekka K
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Published in Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. B, Applied Biomaterials. 2006, vol. 76, no. 1, p. 98-105
Abstract Fiber-reinforced composites (FRCs) show great promise as long-term restorative materials in dentistry and medicine. Recent evidence indicates that these materials degrade in vivo, but the mechanisms are unclear. The objective of this study was to investigate mechanisms of deterioration of glass fiber-polymer matrix bond strengths in dental fiber-reinforced composites during hydrothermal and mechanical aging. Conventional three-point bending tests on dental FRCs were used to assess flexural strengths and moduli. Micro push-out tests were used to measure glass fiber-polymer matrix bond strengths, and nanoindentation tests were used to determine the modulus of elasticity of fiber and polymer matrix phases separately. Bar-shaped specimens of FRCs (EverStick, StickTech, and Vectris Pontic, Ivoclar-Vivadent) were either stored at room temperature, in water (37 and 100 degrees C) or subjected to ageing (10(6) cycles, load: 49 N), then tested by three-point bending. Thin slices were prepared for micro push-out and nanoindentation tests. The ultimate flexural strengths of both FRCs were significantly reduced after aging (p < 0.05). Both water storage and mechanical loading reduced the interfacial bond strengths of glass fibers to polymer matrices. Nanoindentation tests revealed a slight reduction in the elastic modulus of the EverStick and Vectris Pontic polymer matrix after water storage. Mechanical properties of FRC materials degrade primarily by a loss of interfacial bond strength between the glass and resin phases. This degradation is detectable by micro push-out and nanoindentation methods.
Keywords Biomechanical PhenomenaDental MaterialsMicroscopyElectronScanningNanotechnologyAdhesionDental/craniofacial materialIn vitroMechanical propertiesFiberreinforced polymers
PMID: 16196035
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Research group Groupe Krejci Ivo (médecine dentaire) (240)
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BOUILLAGUET, Serge et al. Hydrothermal and mechanical stresses degrade fiber-matrix interfacial bond strength in dental fiber-reinforced composites. In: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. B, Applied Biomaterials, 2006, vol. 76, n° 1, p. 98-105. doi: 10.1002/jbm.b.30349 https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:84746

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Deposited on : 2016-06-27

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