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Title

A comprehensive high-throughput sequencing test for the diagnosis of inherited bleeding, thrombotic and platelet disorders

Authors
Simeoni, Ilenia
Stephens, Jonathan C
Hu, Fengyuan
Deevi, Sri V V
Megy, Karyn
Bariana, Tadbir K
Lentaigne, Claire
Schulman, Sol
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Published in Blood. 2016, vol. 14, no. 4, p. 191-4
Abstract Inherited bleeding, thrombotic and platelet disorders (BPDs) are diseases affecting approximately 300 individuals per million births. With the exception of haemophilia and von Willebrand disease patients, a molecular analysis for patients with a BPD is often unavailable. Many specialised tests are usually required to reach a putative diagnosis and they are typically performed in a step-wise manner to control costs. This approach causes delays and a conclusive molecular diagnosis is often never reached which can compromise treatment and impede rapid identification of affected relatives. To address this unmet diagnostic need, we designed a high-throughput sequencing (HTS) platform targeting 63 genes relevant for BPDs. The platform can call single nucleotide variants (SNVs), short insertions/deletions (indels) and large copy number variants (CNVs), though not inversions, which are subjected to automated filtering for diagnostic prioritization, resulting in an average of 5.34 candidate variants per individual. We sequenced 159 and 137 samples respectively from cases with and without previously known causal variants. Among the latter group, 61 cases had clinical and laboratory phenotypes indicative of a particular molecular etiology while the remainder had ana priorihighly uncertain etiology. All previously detected variants were recapitulated and, when the etiology was suspected but unknown or uncertain, a molecular diagnosis was reached in 56 of 61 and only eight of 76 cases, respectively. The latter category highlights the need for further research into novel causes of BPDs. The ThromboGenomics platform thus provides an affordable DNA-based test to diagnose patients suspected of having a known inherited BPD.
Keywords AnimalsBody WeightCastrationMaleMuscle DevelopmentMuscles/pathologyOrgan SizeRatsRats, Inbred StrainsSexual Maturation
Identifiers
PMID: 27084890
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Structures
Research group Bases moléculaires des anomalies génétiques de l'hémostase (504)
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SIMEONI, Ilenia et al. A comprehensive high-throughput sequencing test for the diagnosis of inherited bleeding, thrombotic and platelet disorders. In: Blood, 2016, vol. 14, n° 4, p. 191-4. https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:84426

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Deposited on : 2016-06-10

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