en
Scientific article
English

Purification of assembly-competent tubulin from Saccharomyces cerevisiae

Published inEuropean journal of biochemistry, vol. 210, no. 1, p. 343-349
Publication date1992
Abstract

We have developed a straightforward, two-step procedure to isolate highly purified yeast tubulin that reproducibly assembles into microtubules. The starting extracts are obtained from cells genetically engineered to overproduce both the alpha and beta subunits of tubulin, under control of the galactose promoter, to approximately 10-times wild-type levels. The first step of purification is carried out with the high-speed supernatant of lysed cells loaded onto a DEAE-Sephadex column; after this step the tubulin preparation is approximately 30% pure. In the second step, the tubulin fractions are loaded onto an immunoaffinity column prepared by coupling the anti-(alpha-tubulin) monoclonal antibody YL 1/2 to Sepharose-4B. Following elution with 0.8 M KCl, the tubulin present in the peak is 90% pure. Upon addition of porcine brain microtubule-associated proteins or DEAE-dextran, this tubulin preparation is functionally active for assembly into microtubules, as visualized by electron microscopy on negatively stained samples. Virtually identical microtubule structures are produced in parallel experiments on the assembly of yeast or porcine brain tubulin, with differences observed only at acidic pH values. Overall, this relatively simple procedure provides a useful tool for the production of functional tubulin suitable both for structural studies and for investigations of the assembly process.

Keywords
  • Animals
  • Blotting
  • Western
  • Chromatography
  • Gel
  • Electrophoresis
  • Polyacrylamide Gel
  • Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
  • Microtubule-Associated Proteins/chemistry/ultrastructure
  • Microtubules/chemistry/ultrastructure
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae/chemistry
  • Swine
  • Tubulin/chemistry/isolation & purification
Citation (ISO format)
BELLOCQ, Christine et al. Purification of assembly-competent tubulin from Saccharomyces cerevisiae. In: European journal of biochemistry, 1992, vol. 210, n° 1, p. 343–349.
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ISSN of the journal0014-2956
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