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Title

Thermosetting gel for the delivery of 5-aminolevulinic acid esters to the cervix

Authors
Collaud, Sabine
Peng, Qian
Published in Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences. 2008, vol. 97, no. 7, p. 2680-90
Abstract 5-Aminolevulinic acid (5-ALA)-mediated photodynamic therapy has been proposed as an alternative, cervix-sparing treatment for cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN). In this context, topical application of 5-ALA to the cervix is beneficial due to the small necessary dose and its minimal side effects. Therefore, lipophilic 5-ALA esters, such as hexylaminolevulinate (HAL), have led to improved local bioavailability and therapeutic efficacy. Hydrogels have shown to be more appropriate for the local delivery of these derivatives, but due to the limited long-term stability of such formulations at 25 degrees C, the development of an extemporaneously prepared hydrogel targeting CIN can be advantageous. Therefore, a poloxamer 407 thermosetting gel, which is liquid at room temperature and becomes a semi-solid when in contact with the female genital tract, has been evaluated in vitro and in vivo. Rheological evaluation has shown that a 17.0% poloxamer 407 hydrogel with a sol-gel transition at 24.8 +/- 0.6 degrees C was the best formulation for easy application and optimal residence time. Furthermore, similarly to other hydrogels previously tested, such a formulation shows a more complete HAL release in vitro than conventional cream vehicles, and tends to increase porphyrin accumulation in nude mice skin. Finally, in vitro release profiles were correlated to the in vivo results.
Keywords Administration CutaneousAminolevulinic Acid/*administration & dosage/chemistry/pharmacokinetics/therapeutic useAnimalsCervix Uteri/*metabolismDrug Carriers/*chemistryFemaleHydrogels/*chemistryMiceMice NudePhase TransitionPhotochemotherapy/methodsPhotosensitizing Agents/*administration & dosage/chemistry/pharmacokinetics/therapeutic usePorphyrins/biosynthesis/blood/cerebrospinal fluidSkin/drug effects/metabolismSolubilityTemperatureUterine Cervical Neoplasms/drug therapy
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PMID: 17828758
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COLLAUD, Sabine et al. Thermosetting gel for the delivery of 5-aminolevulinic acid esters to the cervix. In: Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences, 2008, vol. 97, n° 7, p. 2680-90. https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:839

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Deposited on : 2009-02-17

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