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Bottom-up inhibition in lexical selection: Phonological mismatch effects in spoken word recognition

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Published in Language and Cognitive Processes. 2001, vol. 16, no. 5-6, p. 583-607
Abstract Two phoneme monitoring experiments are reported that examine the amount of lexical activation produced by words containing initial, medial, or final mispronunciations. Experiment 1 showed that minimal (one distinctive feature) mismatches in the initial phoneme produced lexical activation relative to a baseline control nonword, but only when the target phoneme was situated at word offset and not word-internally. This finding suggests that considerable bottom-up support is required to override the inhibitory influence of the initial mismatching phonological information. Experiment 2 revealed no lexical activation after a medial mismatch, a finding that is consistent with bottom-up inhibition, but inconsistent with models assuming only lateral inhibition. Taken together these findings provide evidence for a selection process which includes bottom-up inhibition as a major component.
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Research groups Psycholinguistique
Perception et production de la parole
Project FNS: 1114-0395.93
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FRAUENFELDER, Ulrich Hans, SCHOLTEN, Mark Ronald, CONTENT, Alain. Bottom-up inhibition in lexical selection: Phonological mismatch effects in spoken word recognition. In: Language and Cognitive Processes, 2001, vol. 16, n° 5-6, p. 583-607. https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:83274

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Deposited on : 2016-04-20

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