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ERP correlates of word production predictors in picture naming: a trial by trial multiple regression analysis from stimulus onset to response

Published inFrontiers in neuroscience, vol. 8, 390
Publication date2014
Abstract

A major effort in cognitive neuroscience of language is to define the temporal and spatial characteristics of the core cognitive processes involved in word production. One approach consists in studying the effects of linguistic and pre-linguistic variables in picture naming tasks. So far, studies have analyzed event-related potentials (ERPs) during word production by examining one or two variables with factorial designs. Here we extended this approach by investigating simultaneously the effects of multiple theoretical relevant predictors in a picture naming task. High density EEG was recorded on 31 participants during overt naming of 100 pictures. ERPs were extracted on a trial by trial basis from picture onset to 100 ms before the onset of articulation. Mixed-effects regression models were conducted to examine which variables affected production latencies and the duration of periods of stable electrophysiological patterns (topographic maps). Results revealed an effect of a pre-linguistic variable, visual complexity, on an early period of stable electric field at scalp, from 140 to 180 ms after picture presentation, a result consistent with the proposal that this time period is associated with visual object recognition processes. Three other variables, word Age of Acquisition, Name Agreement, and Image Agreement influenced response latencies and modulated ERPs from ~380 ms to the end of the analyzed period. These results demonstrate that a topographic analysis fitted into the single trial ERPs and covering the entire processing period allows one to associate the cost generated by psycholinguistic variables to the duration of specific stable electrophysiological processes and to pinpoint the precise time-course of multiple word production predictors at once.

Citation (ISO format)
VALENTE, Andrea, BUERKI FOSCHINI, Audrey Damaris, LAGANARO, Marina. ERP correlates of word production predictors in picture naming: a trial by trial multiple regression analysis from stimulus onset to response. In: Frontiers in neuroscience, 2014, vol. 8, p. 390. doi: 10.3389/fnins.2014.00390
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ISSN of the journal1662-453X
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