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Le fragment de L. Cincius (Festus p. 276 L) et le commandement des armées du Latium

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Published in Cahiers du Centre Gustave Glotz. 2014, vol. 25, p. 7-48
Abstract Many modern historians believe that Rome’s domination over Latium in the 5th and 4th centuries B.C. was considerably exaggerated by the annalistic tradition, and they have used a famous fragment of the antiquarian Lucius Cincius to show that, at that time, Rome exerted military command only in turn with the cities of the Latin League ; some have concluded from it that Rome was herself a member of this league ; others have deduced from this passage that the generals designated by Rome were « Latin » or « federal » magistrates, distinct from the traditional magistrates of the Roman Republic. In fact, a closer lexical, grammatical and institutional analysis of the passage shows that Cincius provides the same information as the annalistic tradition : according to him, Rome was not part of the Latin League, and when the two allies fought together in the name of the foedus Cassianum, it was always the Romans who were in charge of military operations. The command of the allied armies was entrusted to a magistrate of the Roman Republic, either a praetor/consul, a military tribune with consular power, or a dictator, designated according to the usual procedure : before leaving Rome, the general took the auspices on the Capitol in order to obtain from the gods the confirmation of the military powers which had been conferred upon him, and he was greeted with the title of praetor by the Latin armies at the gate of the city.
Keywords RomeLigue latinePréteursTradition annalistiqueAuspices
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SÁNCHEZ, Pierre. Le fragment de L. Cincius (Festus p. 276 L) et le commandement des armées du Latium. In: Cahiers du Centre Gustave Glotz, 2014, vol. 25, p. 7-48. https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:83123

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Deposited on : 2016-04-18

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