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Title

Behavioral and electrophysiological evidence for the impact of regional variation on phoneme perception

Authors
Nguyen, Noël
Published in Cognition. 2009, vol. 111, no. 3, p. 390-6
Abstract This event-related potential (ERP) study examined the impact of phonological variation resulting from a vowel merger on phoneme perception. The perception of the /e/-/epsilon/ contrast which does not exist in Southern French-speaking regions, and which is in the process of merging in Northern French-speaking regions, was compared to the /ø/-/y/ contrast, which is stable in all French-speaking regions. French-speaking participants from Switzerland for whom the /e/-/epsilon/ contrast is preserved, but who are exposed to different regional variants, had to perform a same-different task. They first heard four phonemically identical but acoustically different syllables (e.g., /be/-/be/-/be/-/be/), and then heard the test syllable which was either phonemically identical to (/be/) or phonemically different from (/bepsilon/) the preceding context stimuli. The results showed that the unstable /e/-/epsilon/ contrast only induced a mismatch negativity (MMN), whereas the /ø/-/y/ contrast elicited both a MMN and electrophysiological differences on the P200. These findings were in line with the behavioral results in which responses were slower and more error-prone in the /e/-/epsilon/ deviant condition than in the /ø/-/y/ deviant condition. Together these findings suggest that the regional variability in the speech input to which listeners are exposed affects the perception of speech sounds in their own accent.
Keywords Acoustic StimulationData InterpretationStatisticalElectroencephalographyEvoked Potentials/physiologyFemaleHumansLanguageMalePsycholinguisticsYoung Adult
Identifiers
PMID: 19342011
Full text
Article (Published version) (413 Kb) - public document Free access
Structures
Research group Psycholinguistique
Projects FNRS Grant 105311-109987/1
ANR Grant ANR-08-BLAN-0276-01
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(ISO format)
BRUNELLIERE, Angèle et al. Behavioral and electrophysiological evidence for the impact of regional variation on phoneme perception. In: Cognition, 2009, vol. 111, n° 3, p. 390-6. https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:82918

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Deposited on : 2016-04-15

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