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Bile duct injuries during laparoscopic cholecystectomy: a community's experience

Jones-Monahan, Kellie
Published in The American surgeon. 1998, vol. 64, no. 7, p. 638-642
Abstract Reports of bile duct injuries are from tertiary care institutions and, therefore, may not report the spectrum of management that these patients receive in the care of these injuries. From June 14,1990 (the first operation) to June 30, 1995, 2654 laparoscopic cholecystectomies (LCs) were reviewed at this community hospital medical center to determine risk factors contributing to the etiology of these injuries, time and symptoms at presentation, duration of illness, and management of these injuries. None of the 13 general surgeons practicing during this time period had laparoscopic training in a general surgical residency. There were six major bile duct injuries (0.25%), of which five were available for further review. All occurred in women with cholelithiasis and chronic cholecystitis. Two operations were routine and two were associated with biliary tract anomalies. In two patients, the injuries were detected at LCs and definitive biliary-enteric anastomoses were performed immediately. Three patients presented at 2, 15, and 42 days after LC. In two patients, one or more operative procedures were performed before definitive repair and these patients were referred to tertiary care centers. One patient was managed with sequential CT-guided drainage catheters after attempted closure of the defect. The length of illness for these five patients was 8, 69, 348, 402, and 435 days with a follow-up of 245, 345, 531, 575, and 1088 days. Laparoscopic experience before injury by the operating surgeon was 3, 26, 35, 77, and 333 operations. Major biliary tract injuries occurred during routine cholecystectomy, length of illness was substantial for most patients, and biliary-enteric anastomosis was definitive for four of the five patients. The operating surgeons' "learning curve" did not seem as important as in other studies.
Keywords AdultAgedCholecystectomyLaparoscopic/adverse effectsCommon Bile Duct/injuriesFemaleFollow-Up StudiesHepatic DuctCommon/injuriesHospitalsCommunityHumansIntraoperative Complications/epidemiologyRisk FactorsTime Factors
PMID: 9655274
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JONES-MONAHAN, Kellie, GRUENBERG, Jean. Bile duct injuries during laparoscopic cholecystectomy: a community's experience. In: The American surgeon, 1998, vol. 64, n° 7, p. 638-642.

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