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Title

Optimization of a novel bioerodible device based on auto-catalyzed poly(ortho esters) for controlled delivery of tetracycline to periodontal pocket

Authors
Monti, A.
Barr, J.
Heller, J.
Published in Biomaterials. 2001, vol. 22, no. 12, p. 1659-1666
Abstract Local delivery of antimicrobial agents in inflamed periodontal pocket has been shown to be effective in reducing periodontopathic microorganisms. This research focuses on developing and characterizing bioerodible formulations based on auto-catalyzed poly(ortho esters) (POExLAy) for modulated release of tetracycline over 2 weeks. POExLAy are a new versatile family of POE-containing lactoyl lactyl dimers in the polymer backbone. By modifying the proportion of lactic acid in the polymer, viscous or solid materials having different degradation rate can be produced. The formulations can be either injected or placed as a solid device directly into the periodontal pocket. Tetracycline-free base incorporated into these materials was released within 10-14 days depending on polymer structure. Increase in lactic acid content in the polymer tended to increase the drug release rate and to reduce the initial lag time. Tetracycline release from such bioerodible delivery system occurs predominantly by surface erosion of the polymeric matrix, leading to kinetics which can be zero order. This periodontal drug delivery system is designed to be used as an adjunct in the treatment of periodontal diseases. Clinical studies are currently in progress.
Keywords Poly(ortho esters)Bioerodible polymersTetracyclineIn vitro release studyPeriodontal disease
Identifiers
PMID: 11374468
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SCHWACH, Khadija et al. Optimization of a novel bioerodible device based on auto-catalyzed poly(ortho esters) for controlled delivery of tetracycline to periodontal pocket. In: Biomaterials, 2001, vol. 22, n° 12, p. 1659-1666. https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:82641

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