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Scientific article
English

Characteristic features of the major components of freshwater colloidal organic matter revealed by transmission electron and atomic force microscopy

Published inColloids and surfaces. A, Physicochemical and engineering aspects, vol. 155, no. 2-3, p. 287-310
Publication date1999
Abstract

Organic biopolymers such as humic substances and polysaccharides account for the majority of freshwater NOM. Their role in natural systems is largely dependent upon their supramolecular microscopic structure which cannot be determined by bulk chemical measurements alone. Microscopic techniques were developed so as to permit the systematic observation of several colloidal-sized organic macromolecules with variable structures. This paper describes the characteristic structures of some reference compounds representative of the major organic components of natural waters. Polyacrylic acid, alginic acid and schizophyllan in addition to humic substances and polysaccharides isolated from natural freshwaters were examined by transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and atomic force microscopy (AFM). The techniques were optimized for the observation of the aquatic biopolymers. Colloidal organic matter isolated from natural freshwaters was also observed by TEM and AFM and compared with the standard images of colloidal organic matter.

Keywords
  • Colloids
  • Aggregates
  • Natural organic matter
  • Macromolecules
  • Humic substances
  • Polysaccharides
  • Transmission electron microscopy
  • Atomic force microscopy
  • Freshwater
Citation (ISO format)
WILKINSON, Kevin et al. Characteristic features of the major components of freshwater colloidal organic matter revealed by transmission electron and atomic force microscopy. In: Colloids and surfaces. A, Physicochemical and engineering aspects, 1999, vol. 155, n° 2-3, p. 287–310. doi: 10.1016/S0927-7757(98)00874-7
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ISSN of the journal0927-7757
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