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Antisense inhibition of Xbrachyury impairs mesoderm formation in Xenopus embryos

Published in Development Growth and Differentiation. 2002, vol. 44, no. 2, p. 147-159
Abstract Expression of the Xbrachyury (Xbra) gene was inhibited by antisense RNA synthesized in situ from an expression vector read by RNA polymerase III, injected into the fertilized egg or the 2-cell stage embryo of Xenopus laevis. Antisense-treated embryos had markedly reduced levels of Xbra mRNA and protein, and showed deficiencies in mesodermal derivatives and axis formation. In particular, organization of the posterior axis was affected, but often the anterior axis was also reduced. Some embryos failed to form mesoderm altogether and remained amorphous. The antisense effect is dose-dependent and may be ‘rescued' by overexpression of Xbra. In Xbra-deficient embryos, expression of several mesodermal genes (Xvent, pintallavis, Xlim, Xwnt-8 and noggin) was reduced to varying degrees, whereas goosecoid levels remained normal. The modified expression levels were partly normalized when Xbra deficiency was rescued. The observation that antisense inhibition yields slightly different phenotypes from dominant-negative inhibition suggests the recommendation of using several surrogate genetic approaches to determine the functional role of a gene in Xenopus development.
Keywords Adenoviral a1 geneMicroinjectionPolymerase III vectorRescueSurrogate genetics
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GIOVANNINI, Natalia, RUNGGER, Duri. Antisense inhibition of Xbrachyury impairs mesoderm formation in Xenopus embryos. In: Development Growth and Differentiation, 2002, vol. 44, n° 2, p. 147-159. doi: 10.1046/j.1440-169x.2002.00630.x https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:82355

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Deposited on : 2016-04-05

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