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Secretory proteins in a ciliate cell: identification of epitopes common to numerous polypeptides

Eperon, Simone
Swiderski, Barbara
Published in Biology of the Cell. 1993, vol. 78, no. 3, p. 207-16
Abstract Secretory vesicles of the ciliate Pseudomicrothorax dubius, called trichocysts, are separated into > 40 proteins by two-dimensional gel electrophoresis. The trichocyst, composed of a shaft and four arms, is in a condensed state when docked in the cell cortex, and it elongates into an extended state during exocytosis. Monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) were raised against trichocyst proteins. Their reactivities were analysed: 1) on Western blots of extended, isolated trichocysts by immunolabeling; 2) on entire cells and extended trichocysts by indirect immunofluorescent binding assay (IFA); 3) on semi-thin sectioned cells by IFA; and 4) on ultra-thin sections of cells by immunogold labeling. mAb IV 4E5 labels major trichocyst proteins at 15-19, 22 and 24 kDa, pI 4.6-6.6. The epitope recognized by mAb IV 4E5 is common to as many as 30 proteins and suggests a family of proteins with possible sequence homology. By IFA, the shafts of extended trichocysts are labeled. The shafts of condensed trichocysts are labeled on both semi-thin sections in Lowicryl and ultrathin sections. On semi-thin Epon sections, the part of the trichocyst which is labeled is arm-like. mAb VI 2D12 labels three major trichocyst proteins at 31 kDa, pI 5.0-5.4. The arms of extended trichocysts are labeled by IFA, but are only weakly labeled on ultrathin sections. The shaft of extended trichocysts is labeled by IFA, and the shaft of condensed trichocysts is labeled on ultrathin sections.
Keywords ImmunoblotsImmunofluorescenceImmunogold labelingMonoclonal antibodiesTrichocysts
PMID: 7694723
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EPERON, Simone, PECK, Robert, SWIDERSKI, Barbara. Secretory proteins in a ciliate cell: identification of epitopes common to numerous polypeptides. In: Biology of the Cell, 1993, vol. 78, n° 3, p. 207-16. https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:82033

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