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Assessing benthic oxygen fluxes in oligotrophic deep sea sediments (HAUSGARTEN observatory)

Holtappels, Moritz
Felden, Janine
Wenzhoefer, Frank
Published in Deep Sea Research. I, Oceanographic Research Papers. 2016, vol. 111, p. 1-10
Abstract Benthic oxygen fluxes, an established proxy for total organic carbon mineralization, were investigated in oligotrophic deep sea sediments. We used three different in situ technologies to estimate the benthic oxygen fluxes at an Arctic deep sea site (2500 m depth, HAUSGARTEN observatory) with limiting conditions of low oxygen gradients and fluxes, low turbulence and low particle content in the benthic boundary layer. The resolved eddy covariance turbulent oxygen flux (−0.9±0.2 (SD) mmol O2 m−2 d−1) compared well with simultaneous dissolved oxygen flux measurements carried out with a microprofiler (−1.02±0.3 (SD) mmol O2 m−2 d−1) and total oxygen uptake obtained by benthic chamber incubations (−1.1±0.1 (SD) mmol O2 m−2 d−1). The agreement between these different techniques revealed that microbial-mediated oxygen consumption was dominant at this site. The average benthic flux equals a carbon mineralization rate of 4.3 g C m−2 yr−1, which exceeds the annual sedimentation of particulate organic matter measured by sediment traps. The present study represents a detailed comparison of different in situ technologies for benthic flux measurements at different spatial scales in oligotrophic deep sea sediments. The use of eddy covariance, so far rarely used for deep sea investigations, is presented in detail.
Keywords Benthic oxygen uptakeAquatic eddy covarianceIn situ oxygen microelectrodesBenthic chambersDeep-sea sedimentsHAUSGARTEN observatory
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Research groups Aquatic Physics
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DONIS, Daphné et al. Assessing benthic oxygen fluxes in oligotrophic deep sea sediments (HAUSGARTEN observatory). In: Deep Sea Research. I, Oceanographic Research Papers, 2016, vol. 111, p. 1-10. doi: 10.1016/j.dsr.2015.11.007 https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:80716

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Deposited on : 2016-02-17

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