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Scientific article
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The linear magnetoelectric effect in LiCoPO4 Revisited

Published inFerroelectrics, vol. 161, no. 1, p. 147-164
Publication date1994
Abstract

With a view to verifying the symmetry of the antiferromagnetic phase of LiCoPO4 crystals, quasi-static and dynamic magnetoelectric (ME) experiments have been undertaken by means of magnetic field induced polarization (ME H effect). After magnetoelectric annealing all nine components of the ME tensor have been tested at 4.2 K. Two of them are non-zero, thus consistent with mmm' symmetry, confirming earlier work. In the present study, these coefficients have been found to have very large values, i.e. |α xy (4.2 K)| = 18.4 [ps/m] or 5.5·10−3 Gaussian units and |α yx (4.2 K)| = 30.6 [ps/m] or 9.2·10−3 Gaussian units. They have been also measured as a function of temperature, giving a mean Néel temperature TN = 21.90 K (±0.05 K). Coefficient α xy (T) follows a power law from about 64% TN to the last measured point at about 99.9% TN , with a critical exponent very close to one third (β = 0.338, measured quasi-statically and β = 0.3344, measured dynamically). The maximum value of the coefficients always appears at the lowest measured temperature, i.e. no maximum occurs at higher temperature as found earlier. No spontaneous polarization was measurable. Very close to TN , ME “butterfly loops” have been observed but are interpreted as a manifestation of antiferromagnetic domain reversal, with the probable presence of an internal (electric) bias field.

Keywords
  • LiCoPO4
  • Linear magnetoelectric effect
  • Large magnetoelectric coefficients
  • αxy(T)
  • αyx(T)
  • Critical exponent
  • Antiferromagnetism
  • Spin flop
  • Butterfly loops
Citation (ISO format)
RIVERA, Jean-Pierre. The linear magnetoelectric effect in LiCoPO<sub>4</sub> Revisited. In: Ferroelectrics, 1994, vol. 161, n° 1, p. 147–164. doi: 10.1080/00150199408213364
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ISSN of the journal0015-0193
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