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Measuring Serum Amyloid A for Infection Prediction in Aneurysmal Subarachnoid Hemorrhage

Published inJournal of proteome research, vol. 14, no. 9, p. 3948-3956
Publication date2015
Abstract

Aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH) is associated with high rates of mortality and morbidity. Nosocomial infections, such as pneumonia or urinary tract infections, are among the main causes of worsening outcomes and death. The aim of this study was to discover a biomarker to predict infection in aSAH patients. For this purpose, the plasma of infected and noninfected patients was compared using quantitative mass spectrometry. The most interesting differentially expressed proteins were selected for validation by immunoassays on plasma samples taken from patients (n = 81) over 10 days of hospitalization. Predictive performances were established using Mann-Whitney U tests and receiver operating characteristic curves. Quantitative proteomics identified 17 significantly regulated proteins. Of these, levels of serum amyloid A (SAA) were significantly higher in infected patients (p < 0.007). ELISA confirmed that the concentrations were significantly higher (p < 0.002) already at hospital admission in patients who subsequently developed an infection during their hospitalization, (AUC of 76%) for a cutoff value of 90.9 μg/mL. Our data suggested that measuring SAA could be an efficient means of detecting patients susceptible of developing an infection during hospitalization after an aSAH. Its predictive capacity could lead to earlier antibiotherapy, improved patient management, and potentially better long-term outcomes.

Citation (ISO format)
AZURMENDI GIL, Leire et al. Measuring Serum Amyloid A for Infection Prediction in Aneurysmal Subarachnoid Hemorrhage. In: Journal of proteome research, 2015, vol. 14, n° 9, p. 3948–3956. doi: 10.1021/acs.jproteome.5b00391
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ISSN of the journal1535-3893
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