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Title

Cardiovascular determinants of maximal oxygen consumption in upright and supine posture at the end of prolonged bed rest in humans

Authors
Pogliaghi, Silvia
De Roia, Gabriela
Lucini, Daniela
Pizzinelli, Paolo
Capelli, Carlo
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Published in Respiratory Physiology & Neurobiology. 2010, vol. 172, no. 1-2, p. 53-62
Abstract We tested the hypothesis that, after bed rest, maximal oxygen consumption ( VO₂max ) decreases more upright than supine, because of adequate cardiovascular response supine, but not upright. On 9 subjects, we determined VO₂max and maximal cardiac output (Q ) upright and supine, before and after (reambulation day upright, the following day supine) 35-day bed rest, by classical steady state protocol. Oxygen consumption, heart rate (f(H)) and stroke volume (Q(st)) were measured by a metabolic cart, electrocardiography and Modelflow from pulse pressure profiles, respectively. We computed Q as f(H) times Q(st), and systemic oxygen flow ( QaO₂) as Q. times arterial oxygen concentration, obtained after haemoglobin and arterial oxygen saturation measurements. Before bed rest, all parameters at maximal exercise were similar upright and supine. After bed rest, VO₂max was lower (p<0.05) than before, both upright (-38.6%) and supine (-17.0%), being 30.8% higher supine than upright. Maximal Q(st) decreased upright (-44.3%), but not supine (+3.7%), being 98.9% higher supine than upright. Maximal Q decreased upright (-45.1%), but not supine (+9.0%), being higher supine than upright (+98.4%). Maximal QaO₂ decreased upright (-37.8%), but not supine (+14.8%), being higher (+74.8%) upright than supine. After bed rest, the cardiovascular response (i) did not affect VO₂max supine, (ii) partially explained the VO₂max decrease upright, and (iii) caused the VO₂max differences between postures. We speculate that impaired peripheral oxygen transfer and/or utilisation may explain the VO₂max decrease supine and the fraction of VO₂max decrease upright unexplained by cardiovascular responses.
Keywords Bed RestBlood Pressure/physiologyCardiac Output/physiologyCardiovascular SystemHeart Rate/physiologyHumansMaleOxygen Consumption/physiologyPosture/physiologyRespiratory Function Tests/methodsStroke Volume/physiologySupine Position/physiologyYoung Adult
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PMID: 20348037
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BRINGARD, Aurélien et al. Cardiovascular determinants of maximal oxygen consumption in upright and supine posture at the end of prolonged bed rest in humans. In: Respiratory Physiology & Neurobiology, 2010, vol. 172, n° 1-2, p. 53-62. https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:79559

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Deposited on : 2016-01-19

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