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Scientific article
English

Internal Encoding Style and Schizotypy: Toward a Conceptually Driven Account of Positive Symptoms

Published inJournal of personality disorders, vol. 29, no. 3, p. 303-315
Publication date2015
Abstract

Perception results from a combination of actual data and interpretive schemata based on preexisting knowledge. Thus, ensuing subjective experience depends on the dynamic interplay between data-driven and conceptually driven processing. A chronic imbalance between these two sources of stimulus encoding is likely to be maladaptive and could underlie cognitive and behavioral disturbances similar to those observed in schizotypy, especially if the balance is tipped too far toward conceptually driven processing (i.e., Internal encoding style). This study aimed to examine the relationships between encoding style and various dimensions of schizotypy by using a questionnaire that evaluates the extent to which preexisting schemata (versus cues from the outside world) affect encoding processes. Consistent with previous findings, the authors' results revealed that both Cognitive-Perceptual and Disorganization dimensions were related to an internal mode of encoding, suggesting that individuals with these features may be characterized by a disposition to biases at early stages of encoding.

Citation (ISO format)
BELAYACHI, Sanaa et al. Internal Encoding Style and Schizotypy: Toward a Conceptually Driven Account of Positive Symptoms. In: Journal of personality disorders, 2015, vol. 29, n° 3, p. 303–315. doi: 10.1521/pedi_2014_28_157
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ISSN of the journal0885-579X
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Creation08/27/2015 11:20:00 AM
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