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Formation of peptide impurities in polyester matrices during implant manufacturing

Schwach-Abdellaoui, Khadija
Frutiger-Hughes, Séverine
Besseghir, Kamel
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Published in European Journal of Pharmaceutics and Biopharmaceutics. 2000, vol. 49, no. 3, p. 253-257
Abstract Most peptides are susceptible, in vivo, to proteolytic degradation, and it is difficult to formulate and to deliver them without loss of biological activity. In addition, it is often desirable to release them continuously and at a controlled rate over a period of weeks or months. For these reasons, a controlled release system is suitable. Poly(lactic acid) (PLA) is a biocompatible and biodegradable material that can be used for many applications, including the design of injectable controlled release systems for pharmaceutical agents. Development of these delivery systems presents challenges in the assessment of stability, specially for peptide drugs. By means of an extrusion method, long-acting poly(lactic acid) implants containing vapreotide, a somatostatin analogue, were prepared. The nature of the main degradation product obtained after implant manufacturing was elucidated. It was found that the main peptide impurity was a lactoyl lactyl–vapreotide conjugate. Because lactide are found in small quantities in most commercially available PLA, the influence of residual lactide in the polymeric matrix, on the formation of peptide impurities during manufacturing, was specially investigated. This work demonstrates that the degree of purity of the carrier is of great importance with regard to the formation of peptide impurities.
Keywords PeptidePolylactic acidMelt-processingImpurityVapreotide
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ROTHEN-WEINHOLD, Alexandra Laurence et al. Formation of peptide impurities in polyester matrices during implant manufacturing. In: European Journal of Pharmaceutics and Biopharmaceutics, 2000, vol. 49, n° 3, p. 253-257. https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:7920

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Deposited on : 2010-06-21

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