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Dilute liquid crystals used to enhance residual dipolar couplings may alter conformational equilibrium in oligosaccharides

Berthault, Patrick
Camerel, Franck
Alvarez Salgado, Francisco
Boulard, Yves
Gabriel, Jean-Christophe P.
Desvaux, Hervé
Published in Carbohydrate Research. 2003, vol. 338, no. 17, p. 1771-1785
Abstract The solution structures of a trisaccharide and a pentasaccharide containing the Lewisx motif were determined by two independent approaches using either dipolar cross-relaxation (NOE) or residual dipolar coupling (RDC) data. For the latter, one-bond 13C-1H RDC enhanced by two different mineral liquid crystals were used alone. Home-written programs were employed firstly for measuring accurately the coupling constants in the direct dimension of non-decoupled HSQC experiments, secondly for transforming each RDC data set into geometrical restraints. In this second program, the complete molecular structure was expressed in a unique frame where the alignment tensor is diagonal. Assuming that the pyranose rings are rigid, their relative orientation is defined by optimizing the glycosidic torsion angles. For the trisaccharide, a good agreement was observed between the results of both approaches (NOE and RDC). In contrast, for the pentasaccharide, strong discrepancies appeared, which seem to result from interactions between the pentasaccharide and the mesogens, affecting conformational equilibrium. This observation is of importance, as it reveals that using simultaneously NOE and RDC can be hazardous as the former represent 99% of the molecules free in solution, whereas the latter correspond to less than 1% of the structure bound to the mesogen.
Keywords Residual dipolar couplingLewisxMineral liquid crystalOligosaccharideConformer equilibrium
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BERTHAULT, Patrick et al. Dilute liquid crystals used to enhance residual dipolar couplings may alter conformational equilibrium in oligosaccharides. In: Carbohydrate Research, 2003, vol. 338, n° 17, p. 1771-1785. https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:7910

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Deposited on : 2010-06-21

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