en
Scientific article
English

pH-Dependent dissolving nano- and microparticles for improved peroral delivery of a highly lipophilic compound in dogs

Published inAAPS PharmSci, vol. 3, no. 1, p. 92-99
Publication date2001
Abstract

RR01, a new highly lipophilic drug showing extremely low water solubility and poor oral bioavailability, has been incorporated into pH-dependent dissolving particles made of a poly(methacrylic acid-co-ethylacrylate) copolymer. The physicochemical properties of the particles were determined using laser-light-scattering techniques, scanning electron microscopy, high-performance liquid chromatography, and x-ray powder diffraction. Suspension of the free drug in a solution of hydroxypropylcellulose (reference formulation) and aqueous dispersions of pH-sensitive RR01-loaded nanoparticles or microparticles were administered orally to Beagle dogs according to a 2-block Latin square design (n=6). Plasma samples were obtained over the course of 48 hours and analyzed by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry. The administration of the reference formulation resulted in a particularly high interindividual variability of pharmacokinetic parameters, with low exposure to compound RR01 (AUC0–48h of 6.5 μg.h/mL and coefficient of variation (CV) of 116%) and much higher Tmax, as compared to both pH-sensitive formulations. With respect to exposure and interindividual variability, nanoparticles were superior to microparticles (AUC0–48h of 27.1 μg.h/mL versus 17.7 μg.h/mL with CV of 19% and 40%, respectively), indicating that the particle size may play an important role in the absorption of compound RR01. The performance of pH-sensitive particles is attributed to their ability to release the drug selectively in the upper part of the intestine in a molecular or amorphous form. In conclusion, pH-dependent dissolving particles have a great potential as oral delivery systems for drugs with low water solubility and acceptable permeation properties.

Keywords
  • Nanoparticles
  • Microparticles
  • Oral Administration
  • Poor Water Solubility
  • PH-Sensitive Polymer
Citation (ISO format)
DE JAEGHERE, Fanny et al. pH-Dependent dissolving nano- and microparticles for improved peroral delivery of a highly lipophilic compound in dogs. In: AAPS PharmSci, 2001, vol. 3, n° 1, p. 92–99. doi: 10.1208/ps030108
Main files (1)
Article (Published version)
accessLevelRestricted
Identifiers
ISSN of the journal1522-1059
486views
0downloads

Technical informations

Creation01/06/2016 12:39:00 PM
First validation01/06/2016 12:39:00 PM
Update time03/15/2023 12:01:58 AM
Status update03/15/2023 12:01:57 AM
Last indexation01/16/2024 7:57:20 PM
All rights reserved by Archive ouverte UNIGE and the University of GenevaunigeBlack