en
Scientific article
Review
French

Manifestations digestives de la sclérodermie

Published inRevue médicale suisse, vol. 10, no. 426, p. 860-863
Publication date2014
Abstract

Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is a rare disorder associating vasculopathy, tissue fibrosis and autoimmunity. The gastro-intestinal tract (GIT) is frequently involved with any segment being potentially affected from mouth to anus. The esophagus is the most common localization resulting in reflux and its complications such as erosive esophagitis and Barrett's esophagus. Gastric involvement is less frequent but may be complicated by hemorrhage due to gastric antral vascular ectasia (GAVE or watermelon stomach). Intestinal involvement may lead to malabsorption, intestinal pseudo-obstruction or bacterial overgrowth. Anorectal involvement can cause fecal incontinence and rectal prolapse. GIT involvement greatly affects morbimortality in SSc and therapeutic approaches essentially aim at relieving the symptoms.

Keywords
  • Barrett Esophagus/etiology
  • Esophagitis/etiology/physiopathology
  • Esophagus/physiopathology
  • Fecal Incontinence/etiology
  • Gastroesophageal Reflux/etiology/physiopathology
  • Gastrointestinal Diseases/etiology/physiopathology
  • Gastrointestinal Tract/physiopathology
  • Humans
  • Scleroderma, Systemic/complications/physiopathology
Citation (ISO format)
STELLE, Marc Franklin, CHIZZOLINI, Carlo. Manifestations digestives de la sclérodermie. In: Revue médicale suisse, 2014, vol. 10, n° 426, p. 860–863.
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Article (Published version)
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Identifiers
ISSN of the journal1660-9379
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