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Manifestations digestives de la sclérodermie

Published in Revue médicale suisse. 2014, vol. 10, no. 426, p. 860-863
Abstract Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is a rare disorder associating vasculopathy, tissue fibrosis and autoimmunity. The gastro-intestinal tract (GIT) is frequently involved with any segment being potentially affected from mouth to anus. The esophagus is the most common localization resulting in reflux and its complications such as erosive esophagitis and Barrett's esophagus. Gastric involvement is less frequent but may be complicated by hemorrhage due to gastric antral vascular ectasia (GAVE or watermelon stomach). Intestinal involvement may lead to malabsorption, intestinal pseudo-obstruction or bacterial overgrowth. Anorectal involvement can cause fecal incontinence and rectal prolapse. GIT involvement greatly affects morbimortality in SSc and therapeutic approaches essentially aim at relieving the symptoms.
Keywords Barrett Esophagus/etiologyEsophagitis/etiology/physiopathologyEsophagus/physiopathologyFecal Incontinence/etiologyGastroesophageal Reflux/etiology/physiopathologyGastrointestinal Diseases/etiology/physiopathologyGastrointestinal Tract/physiopathologyHumansScleroderma, Systemic/complications/physiopathology
PMID: 24834644
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STELLE, Marc Franklin, CHIZZOLINI, Carlo. Manifestations digestives de la sclérodermie. In: Revue médicale suisse, 2014, vol. 10, n° 426, p. 860-863. https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:78589

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Deposited on : 2015-12-14

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