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The role of the intraplaque vitamin d system in atherogenesis

Published in Scientifica. 2013, vol. 2013, p. 620504
Abstract Vitamin D has been shown to play critical activities in several physiological pathways not involving the calcium/phosphorus homeostasis. The ubiquitous distribution of the vitamin D receptor that is expressed in a variety of human and mouse tissues has strongly supported research on these "nonclassical" activities of vitamin D. On the other hand, the recent discovery of the expression also for vitamin D-related enzymes (such as 25-hydroxyvitamin D-1 α -hydroxylase and the catabolic enzyme 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D-24-hydroxylase) in several tissues suggested that the vitamin D system is more complex than previously shown and it may act within tissues through autocrine and paracrine pathways. This updated model of vitamin D axis within peripheral tissues has been particularly investigated in atherosclerotic pathophysiology. This review aims at updating the role of the local vitamin D within atherosclerotic plaques, providing an overview of both intracellular mechanisms and cell-to-cell interactions. In addition, clinical findings about the potential causal relationship between vitamin D deficiency and atherogenesis will be analysed and discussed.
PMID: 24459602
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Article (Published version) (1.3 MB) - public document Free access
Research group L'athérosclérose et ses complications cliniques (591)
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CARBONE, Federico, MONTECUCCO, Fabrizio. The role of the intraplaque vitamin d system in atherogenesis. In: Scientifica, 2013, vol. 2013, p. 620504. doi: 10.1155/2013/620504 https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:77526

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Deposited on : 2015-11-23

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