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Title

Highly pathogenic influenza viruses inhibit inflammatory response in monocytes via activation of rar-related orphan receptor RORα

Authors
Friesenhagen, Judith
Viemann, Dorothee
Börgeling, Yvonne
Spiekermann, Christoph
Kirschnek, Susanne
Ludwig, Stephan
Roth, Johannes
Published in Journal of Innate Immunity. 2013, vol. 5, no. 5, p. 505-518
Abstract Infections with highly pathogenic avian influenza viruses (HPAIV) in humans lead to systemic disease associated with cytokine storm and multiorgan failure. In this study we aimed to identify the role of monocytes for the host response to HPAIV infection. Using genome-wide microarray analysis, we surprisingly demonstrate a reduced immune response of human monocytes to HPAIV H5N1 compared to human influenza A viruses. In bioinformatic analyses we could reveal a potential role of the Rar-related orphan receptor alpha (RORα) for the gene expression pattern induced by H5N1. RORα is known as an inhibitor of NF-κB signaling. We provide evidence that in monocytes RORα is activated by H5N1, resulting in inhibited NF-κB signaling. Using murine Hoxb8-immortalized RORα⁻/⁻, monocytes rescued NF-κB signaling upon H5N1 infection, confirming the biological relevance of RORα as an H5N1-induced mediator of monocytic immunosuppression. In summary, our study reveals a novel RORα-dependent escape mechanism by which H5N1 prevents an effective inflammatory response of monocytes blocking NF-κB-dependent gene expression.
Keywords AnimalsAntigens, Viral/immunologyCell Line, TransformedComputational BiologyGene Expression ProfilingGene Knockdown TechniquesHumansImmunity/geneticsInfluenza A Virus, H5N1 Subtype/immunologyInfluenza A virus/immunologyInfluenza, Human/genetics/immunologyMiceMicroarray AnalysisMonocytes/immunology/virologyNF-kappa B/metabolismNuclear Receptor Subfamily 1, Group F, Member 1/genetics/immunology/metabolismSignal Transduction/genetics
Identifiers
PMID: 23445660
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FRIESENHAGEN, Judith et al. Highly pathogenic influenza viruses inhibit inflammatory response in monocytes via activation of rar-related orphan receptor RORα. In: Journal of Innate Immunity, 2013, vol. 5, n° 5, p. 505-518. https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:77414

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Deposited on : 2015-11-18

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