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Potential pathophysiological role for the vitamin D deficiency in essential hypertension

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Published in World Journal of Cardiology. 2014, vol. 6, no. 5, p. 260-276
Abstract Vitamin D deficiency has been indicated as a pandemic emerging public health problem. In addition to the well-known role on calcium-phosphorus homeostasis in the bone, vitamin D-mediated processes have been recently investigated on other diseases, such as infections, cancer and cardiovascular diseases. Recently, both the discovery of paracrine actions of vitamin D (recognized as "local vitamin D system") and the link of vitamin D with renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system and the fibroblast growth factor 23/klotho pathways highlighted its active cardiovascular activity. Focusing on hypertension, this review summarizes the more recent experimental evidence involving the vitamin D system and deficiency in the cardiovascular pathophysiology. In particular, we updated the vascular synthesis/catabolism of vitamin D and its complex interactions between the various endocrine networks involved in the regulation of blood pressure in humans. On the other hand, the conflicting results emerged from the comparison between observational and interventional studies emphasize the fragmentary nature of our knowledge in the field of vitamin D and hypertension, strongly suggesting the need of further researches in this field.
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PMID: 24944756
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Research groups Chimie et protéomique clinique (270)
L'athérosclérose et ses complications cliniques (591)
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CARBONE, Federico et al. Potential pathophysiological role for the vitamin D deficiency in essential hypertension. In: World Journal of Cardiology, 2014, vol. 6, n° 5, p. 260-276. https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:77370

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Deposited on : 2015-11-18

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