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[Nocturnal monitoring of home non-invasive ventilation: Contribution of simple tools such as pulse-oximetry, capnography, built-in ventilator software and autonomic markers of sleep fragmentation]

Authors
Borel, J-C
Pépin, J-L
Published in Revue des maladies respiratoires. 2014, vol. 31, no. 2, p. 107-118
Abstract Complex respiratory events, which may have a detrimental effect on both quality of sleep and control of nocturnal hypoventilation, occur during sleep in patients treated by non-invasive ventilation (NIV). Among these events are patient-ventilator asynchrony, increases in upper airway resistance with or without increased respiratory drive, and leaks. Detection of these events is important in order to select the most appropriate ventilator settings and interface. Simple tools can provide important information when monitoring NIV. Pulse-oximetry is important to ensure that an adequate SpO2 is provided, and to detect either prolonged or short and recurrent desaturations. However, the specificity of pulse-oximetry tracings under NIV is low. Transcutaneous capnography discriminates between hypoxemia related to V/Q mismatch and hypoventilation, documents correction of nocturnal hypoventilation, and may detect ventilator-induced hyperventilation, a possible cause for central apnea/hypopnea and glottic closure. Data provided by ventilator software helps the clinician by estimating ventilation, tidal volume, leaks, rate of inspiratory or expiratory triggering by the patient, although further validation of these signals by independent studies is indicated. Finally, autonomic markers of sympathetic tone using signals such as pulse wave amplitude of the pulse-oximetry signal can provide reliable information of sleep fragmentation.
Keywords Autonomic PathwaysBiological Markers/analysisCapnography/instrumentation/methodsCircadian RhythmHumansMonitoring, Physiologic/instrumentation/methodsNoninvasive Ventilation/instrumentation/methodsOximetry/instrumentation/methodsRespiratory Insufficiency/complications/therapySleep/physiologySleep Deprivation/complications/diagnosisSoftwareVentilators, Mechanical
Identifiers
PMID: 24602678
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Research group Groupe Gasche-Soccal Paola (958)
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JANSSENS, Jean-Paul, BOREL, J-C, PÉPIN, J-L. [Nocturnal monitoring of home non-invasive ventilation: Contribution of simple tools such as pulse-oximetry, capnography, built-in ventilator software and autonomic markers of sleep fragmentation]. In: Revue des maladies respiratoires, 2014, vol. 31, n° 2, p. 107-118. https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:77134

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Deposited on : 2015-11-11

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