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Implementation Intentions Improve Prospective Memory and Inhibition Performances in Older Adults: The Role of Visualization

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Published in Applied Cognitive Psychology. 2014, vol. 28, no. 5, p. 640-652
Abstract Implementation intentions have been shown to be a very effective strategy in improving prospective memory in older adults. However, their efficacy in improving inhibition has never been assessed in aging. We thus examined the efficacy of implementation intentions in a prospective memory task and an inhibition task in 87 older participants. Following a crossover design, half of the participants were instructed to form an implementation intention in the prospective memory task, the other half in the inhibition task. The moderating role of working memory, visualization and verbalization habits, and impulsivity were also assessed. Regression analyses revealed that for both tasks, participants benefited from implementation intentions but only if they were used to using visual strategies in daily life. The efficacy of implementation intentions was not moderated by working memory, impulsivity, or the use of verbal strategies in everyday life. Copyright 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
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Research groups Affective sciences
Unité de psychopathologie et neuropsychologie cognitive (UPNC)
Démence du sujet âgé, troubles cognitifs, la symptomatologie cognitive (577)
Project FNS: SNF project 100014-126554
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BURKARD, Christina et al. Implementation Intentions Improve Prospective Memory and Inhibition Performances in Older Adults: The Role of Visualization. In: Applied Cognitive Psychology, 2014, vol. 28, n° 5, p. 640-652. https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:76640

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Deposited on : 2015-10-28

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