Scientific article
Open access

17β-estradiol protects primary macrophages against HIV infection through induction of interferon-alpha

Published inViral immunology, vol. 27, no. 4, p. 140-150
Publication date2014

Estrogen has been shown to increase resistance to HIV/SIV transmission by increasing the thickness of the genital epithelium. The immunological role of estrogen in HIV infection of primary target cells is less well characterized. We have found that primary macrophages are a target for anti-HIV activity of 17β-estradiol (E2). E2 did not affect surface expression of CD4 and HIV co-receptors nor HIV attachment to monocyte-derived macrophages (MDMs). In addition, E2 treatment blocked infection by a co-receptor-independent HIV-1VSV-G pseudotyped virus. Quantitative polymerase chain reaction analysis of HIV reverse transcribed DNA products indicated that E2 blocked HIV reverse transcription. E2 upregulated gene expression of interferons (IFNs) in MDMs from multiple donors. However, induction of host restriction factors APOBEC3G, APOBEC3F, or SAMHD1 was not consistent, with exception of APOBEC3A. Anti-HIV activity of E2 was abolished in the presence of IFN-α neutralizing antibody, and was absent in bone marrow-derived macrophages from IFN-α receptor deficient mice. Interestingly, HIV overcame E2-mediated HIV inhibition by suppressing induction of IFNs when MDMs were exposed to HIV before E2 treatment. These results offer a new mechanism of E2 on HIV inhibition. Future studies on the interplay between HIV and E2-mediated innate immune responses will likely provide insights relevant for development of effective strategies for HIV prevention.

  • Animals
  • Cells, Cultured
  • Estradiol/metabolism
  • Female
  • HIV/immunology/physiology
  • Host-Pathogen Interactions
  • Humans
  • Interferon-alpha/immunology/metabolism
  • Macrophages/drug effects/immunology/virology
  • Male
  • Mice, Inbred C57BL
  • Reverse Transcription
Affiliation Not a UNIGE publication
Citation (ISO format)
TASKER, Carley et al. 17β-estradiol protects primary macrophages against HIV infection through induction of interferon-alpha. In: Viral immunology, 2014, vol. 27, n° 4, p. 140–150. doi: 10.1089/vim.2013.0120
Main files (1)
Article (Published version)
ISSN of the journal0882-8245

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