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Title

HLA-A, B and DRB1 genetic heterogeneity in Quebec

Authors
Richard, L.
Published in International Journal of Immunogenetics. 2015, vol. 42, no. 2, p. 69-77
Abstract Recent studies have shown that under specific conditions such as high sample sizes and Hardy–Weinberg equilibrium, bone marrow donor registry data can be used to describe HLA molecular variation across a specific geographic area, thus providing excellent data sets to infer human migrations history. The province of Quebec is known to have experienced a complex history of settlement, characterized by multiple migrations and demographic changes. We thus analysed the data of more than 13 000 unrelated individuals acting as volunteer bone marrow donors who were molecularly typed for HLA-A, B and DRB1 polymorphisms in the Hema-Quebec registry. HLA allelic and haplotypic frequencies were estimated and compared among regions. The results indicate that, despite an overall low genetic diversity in Quebec, genetic variation is correlated with geography, compatible with isolationby- distance across the province. However, some localities also harbour contrasting genetic profiles, that is a highly diversified genetic pool in the two main urban centres (Montreal and Laval) and a more pronounced genetic divergence of two specific regions characterized by a peculiar peopling history (Saguenay-Lac-St-Jean and Gaspesie-Iles-De-La-Madeleine). In agreement with other independent molecular markers, the observations based on HLA data thus account for the main demographic mechanisms that shaped the genetic structure of the present day Quebecer population. In addition, the detailed analysis of the Hema-Quebec registry provides key genetic information on which an efficient bone marrow transplantation recruitment strategy can be settled.
Keywords HLAQuebecHuman genetic diversityPopulation geneticsHistocompatibilityBone marrow donorsRegistryHematopoietic stem cell transplantationGametic associationLinkage disequilibrium
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Other version: http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/iji.12177
Structures
Research groups Unité d’anthropologie
Groupe Sanchez-Mazas
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(ISO format)
BUHLER, Stéphane et al. HLA-A, B and DRB1 genetic heterogeneity in Quebec. In: International Journal of Immunogenetics, 2015, vol. 42, n° 2, p. 69-77. https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:75494

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Deposited on : 2015-09-29

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