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H5N1 virus activates signaling pathways in human endothelial cells resulting in a specific imbalanced inflammatory response

Viemann, Dorothee
Lueken, Aloys
Boergeling, Yvonne
Friesenhagen, Judith
Wittkowski, Helmut
Ludwig, Stephan
Roth, Johannes
Published in Journal of Immunology. 2011, vol. 186, no. 1, p. 164-173
Abstract H5N1 influenza virus infections in humans cause a characteristic systemic inflammatory response syndrome; however, the molecular mechanisms are largely unknown. Endothelial cells (ECs) play a pivotal role in hyperdynamic septic diseases. To unravel specific signaling networks activated by H5N1 we used a genome-wide comparative systems biology approach analyzing gene expression in human ECs infected with three different human and avian influenza strains of high and low pathogenicity. Blocking of specific signaling pathways revealed that H5N1 induces an exceptionally NF-κB-dependent gene response in human endothelia. Additionally, the IFN-driven antiviral program in ECs is shown to be dependent on IFN regulatory factor 3 but significantly impaired upon H5N1 infection compared with low pathogenic influenza virus. As additional modulators of this H5N1-specific imbalanced gene response pattern, we identified HMGA1 as a novel transcription factor specifically responsible for the overwhelming proinflammatory but not antiviral response, whereas NFATC4 was found to regulate transcription of specifically H5N1-induced genes. We describe for the first time, to our knowledge, defined signaling patterns specifically activated by H5N1, which, in contrast to low pathogenic influenza viruses, are responsible for an imbalance of an overwhelming proinflammatory and impaired antiviral gene program.
Keywords Cell Communication/genetics/immunologyCells, CulturedEndothelium, Vascular/immunology/metabolism/virologyGene Expression ProfilingHMGA1a Protein/metabolism/physiologyHumansInflammation/immunology/prevention & control/virologyInflammation Mediators/metabolism/physiologyInfluenza A Virus, H1N1 Subtype/immunologyInfluenza A Virus, H5N1 Subtype/growth & development/immunologyInfluenza, Human/immunology/virologyInterferon Regulatory Factor-3/physiologyInterferon Regulatory Factor-7/physiologyOligonucleotide Array Sequence AnalysisSignal Transduction/genetics/immunology
PMID: 21106851
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VIEMANN, Dorothee et al. H5N1 virus activates signaling pathways in human endothelial cells resulting in a specific imbalanced inflammatory response. In: Journal of Immunology, 2011, vol. 186, n° 1, p. 164-173. doi: 10.4049/jimmunol.0904170

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Deposited on : 2015-09-25

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