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Prominent geological features of Crooked Island, SE Bahamas

Published in Glumac, B. & Savarese, M. Proceedings of the 16th Symposium on the Geology of the Bahamas and other carbonate regions. San Salvador, Bahamas - 14-18 juin 2012 - . 2015, p. 26-38
Abstract The most salient geological features observed during a recent reconnaissance trip to Crooked Island, SE Bahamas, include: (1) altered bioclastic calcarenites of probable Early Pleistocene age; and (2) an elevated intertidal notch carved in last interglacial deposits, indicating that sea level peaked at a higher elevation than previously estimated during that time period. Four main lithostratigraphic units were identified on Crooked Island: (1) highly weathered bioclastic calcarenites that yielded unreliable alloisoleucine/isoleucine (A/I) ratios, and two valid 87Sr/86Sr ratios averaging 0.709147; (2) well-lithified bioclastic/peloidal eolianites, forming low sea cliffs, that gave one A/I ratio of 0.523; (3) a complex and extensive unit including scarce coral framestone, exposed up to +1.2 m above sea level, and oolitic-peloidal calcarenites deposited in subtidal, beach, and eolian environments that yielded A/I ratios averaging 0.411 (n=5); and (4) poorly lithified bioclastic beach ridges congruent with modern sea level. Moreover, a prominent ridge along the north coast of the island shows, at +11 m above sea level, an intertidal notch carved in Unit 3 eolianite and filled by Unit 3 beach facies. Units 4, 3 and 2 can be compared, respectively, to the Rice Bay (Holocene), the Grotto Beach (Late Pleistocene) and the Owl’s Hole (Middle Pleistocene) formations, previously identified on many other Bahamian islands. Of probable Early Pleistocene age (between 0.6 and 1 Ma), Unit 1 could represent the lowermost part of the Owl’s Hole Formation and the top of the underlying, mostly marine Misery Point Formation recently discovered on Mayaguana. The unequivocal occurrence of an intertidal notch carved in, and sealed by, last-interglacial deposits at +11 m shows that the peak elevation reached by sea level during that time interval was much higher than previously assessed. Finally, stratigraphic units decrease in age from N to S, suggesting that the island grew differently than other Bahamian islands or, alternatively, that the northern margin of the Crooked-Acklins bank collapsed in a recent past.
Keywords BahamasCrookedQuaternaryStratigraphySedimentologCarbonates
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Research group Sedimentology, Biostratigraphy and Micropaleontology
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GODEFROID, Fabienne, KINDLER, Pascal. Prominent geological features of Crooked Island, SE Bahamas. In: Glumac, B. & Savarese, M. (Ed.). Proceedings of the 16th Symposium on the Geology of the Bahamas and other carbonate regions. San Salvador, Bahamas. [s.l.] : [s.n.], 2015. p. 26-38. https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:74695

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Deposited on : 2015-08-17

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