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Häufige Anämien in der Neonatologie

Published in Praxis. 1999, vol. 88, no. 5, p. 164-71
Abstract We describe the four most common groups of neonatal anemia and their treatments, with particular emphasis on erythropoietin therapy. The hemolytic anemias include the ABO incompatibility (much more frequent, nowadays, than the Rh incompatibility, which has nearly disappeared following the use of anti-D immunoglobulin in postpartum Rh-negative mothers), hereditary spherocytosis and G-6-PD deficiency. Among hypoplastic anemias, that caused by Parvovirus B19 predominates, by far, over Diamond-Blackfan anemia, alpha-thalassemia and the rare sideroblastic anemias. "Hemorrhagic" anemias occur during twin-to-twin transfusions, or during feto-maternal transfusions. Finally, the multifactorial anemia of prematurity develops principally as a result of the rapid expansion of the blood volume in this group of patients. Erythropoietin therapy, often at doses much higher than those used in the adult, should be seriously considered in most cases of non-hypoplastic neonatal anemias, to minimise maximally the use of transfusions.
Keywords AdultAnemia, Neonatal/diagnosis/etiologyDiagnosis, DifferentialFemaleGestational AgeHumansInfant, NewbornInfant, Premature, Diseases/diagnosis/etiologyPregnancy
PMID: 10067373
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HUMBERT, James Ronald, WACKER, Pierre. Häufige Anämien in der Neonatologie. In: Praxis, 1999, vol. 88, n° 5, p. 164-71. https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:74329

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Deposited on : 2015-07-27

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