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Keratinocyte growth factor protects alveolar epithelium and endothelium from oxygen-induced injury in mice

Kan, CD
Published in The American journal of pathology. 1999, vol. 154, no. 5, p. 1479-87
Abstract Keratinocyte growth factor (KGF) has been used successfully to prevent alveolar damage induced by oxygen exposure in rodents. However, this treatment was used intratracheally and before oxygen exposure, which limited its clinical application. In the present study, mice were treated with the recombinant human KGF intravenously before (days -2 and -1) or during (days 0 and +1) oxygen exposure. In both cases, lung damage was attenuated. KGF increased the number of cells incorporating bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU) in the septa and in bronchial epithelium of air-breathing mice but not of oxygen-exposed mice, indicating that the protective effect of KGF is not necessarily associated with proliferation. Oxygen-induced damage of alveolar epithelium and, unexpectedly, of endothelium was prevented by KGF treatment as seen by electron microscopy. We investigated the effect of KGF on different mechanisms known to be involved in oxygen toxicity. The induction of p53, Bax, and Bcl-x mRNAs during hyperoxia was to a large extent prevented by KGF. Surfactant proteins A and B mRNAs were not markedly modified by KGF. The anti-fibrinolytic activity observed in the alveoli during hyperoxia was to a large extent prevented by KGF, most probably by suppressing the expression of plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) mRNA and protein. As PAI-1 -/- mice are more resistant to hyperoxia, KGF might act, at least in part, by decreasing the expression of this protease inhibitor and by restoring the fibrinolytic activity into the lungs.
Keywords AnimalsCell Division/drug effectsCell Size/drug effectsDNA FragmentationDrug Evaluation, PreclinicalEndothelium, Vascular/drug effectsEpithelium/drug effectsFemaleFibroblast Growth Factor 10Fibroblast Growth Factor 7Fibroblast Growth FactorsGrowth Substances/therapeutic useHyperoxia/pathologyKeratinocytesMiceMice, Inbred C57BLMice, Inbred CBAMicroscopy, ElectronOxygen/antagonists & inhibitorsPulmonary Alveoli/drug effectsRNA, Messenger/biosynthesis
PMID: 10329601
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Research group Facteurs influençants le développement pulmonaire: étude translationnelle chez l'animal et l'homme (182)
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BARAZZONE, Constance et al. Keratinocyte growth factor protects alveolar epithelium and endothelium from oxygen-induced injury in mice. In: The American journal of pathology, 1999, vol. 154, n° 5, p. 1479-87. doi: 10.1016/S0002-9440(10)65402-8 https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:74303

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Deposited on : 2015-07-27

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