Scientific article
Open access

Keratinocyte growth factor protects alveolar epithelium and endothelium from oxygen-induced injury in mice

Published inThe American journal of pathology, vol. 154, no. 5, p. 1479-1487
Publication date1999

Keratinocyte growth factor (KGF) has been used successfully to prevent alveolar damage induced by oxygen exposure in rodents. However, this treatment was used intratracheally and before oxygen exposure, which limited its clinical application. In the present study, mice were treated with the recombinant human KGF intravenously before (days -2 and -1) or during (days 0 and +1) oxygen exposure. In both cases, lung damage was attenuated. KGF increased the number of cells incorporating bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU) in the septa and in bronchial epithelium of air-breathing mice but not of oxygen-exposed mice, indicating that the protective effect of KGF is not necessarily associated with proliferation. Oxygen-induced damage of alveolar epithelium and, unexpectedly, of endothelium was prevented by KGF treatment as seen by electron microscopy. We investigated the effect of KGF on different mechanisms known to be involved in oxygen toxicity. The induction of p53, Bax, and Bcl-x mRNAs during hyperoxia was to a large extent prevented by KGF. Surfactant proteins A and B mRNAs were not markedly modified by KGF. The anti-fibrinolytic activity observed in the alveoli during hyperoxia was to a large extent prevented by KGF, most probably by suppressing the expression of plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) mRNA and protein. As PAI-1 -/- mice are more resistant to hyperoxia, KGF might act, at least in part, by decreasing the expression of this protease inhibitor and by restoring the fibrinolytic activity into the lungs.

  • Animals
  • Cell Division/drug effects
  • Cell Size/drug effects
  • DNA Fragmentation
  • Drug Evaluation, Preclinical
  • Endothelium, Vascular/drug effects
  • Epithelium/drug effects
  • Female
  • Fibroblast Growth Factor 10
  • Fibroblast Growth Factor 7
  • Fibroblast Growth Factors
  • Growth Substances/therapeutic use
  • Hyperoxia/pathology
  • Keratinocytes
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred C57BL
  • Mice, Inbred CBA
  • Microscopy, Electron
  • Oxygen/antagonists & inhibitors
  • Pulmonary Alveoli/drug effects
  • RNA, Messenger/biosynthesis
Citation (ISO format)
BARAZZONE, Constance et al. Keratinocyte growth factor protects alveolar epithelium and endothelium from oxygen-induced injury in mice. In: The American journal of pathology, 1999, vol. 154, n° 5, p. 1479–1487. doi: 10.1016/S0002-9440(10)65402-8
Main files (1)
Article (Published version)
ISSN of the journal0002-9440

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