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Scientific article
English

Survival of patients with chronic respiratory failure on long-term oxygen therapy and or non-invasive ventilation at home

Published inClinical nutrition, vol. 34, no. 4, p. 739-744
Publication date2015
Abstract

BACKGROUND & AIMS: Chronic respiratory failure (CRF) is the common fate of respiratory diseases where systemic effects contribute to outcomes. In a prospective cohort of home-treated patients with CRF, we looked for predictors of long-term survival including respiratory, nutritional and inflammatory dimensions. METHODS: 637 stable outpatients with CRF, 397 men, 68 ± 11 years, on long-term oxygen therapy and/or non-invasive ventilation from 21 chest clinics were enrolled and followed over 53 ± 31 months. CRF resulted from Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) in 48.5%, restrictive disorders 32%, mixed (obstructive and restrictive patterns) respiratory failure 13.5%, bronchiectasis 6%. Demographic characteristics, smoking habits, underlying respiratory diseases, forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1), forced vital capacity (FVC), arterial blood gases, 6-min walking distance (6MWD), hemoglobin, body mass index (BMI), serum albumin, transthyretin, C-reactive protein (CRP), history of respiratory assistance, antibiotic and oral corticosteroid use during the previous year were recorded. RESULTS: 322 deaths occurred during the follow-up. One-, five- and 8-year actuarial survival was 89%, 56% and 47%. By Cox univariate analysis, age, respiratory disease, PaO2, PaCO2, FEV1/FVC, BMI, 6MWD, activity score, type and length of home respiratory assistance, smoking habits, oral corticosteroid and antibiotic uses, albumin, transthyretin, hemoglobin and CRP levels were associated with survival. Multivariate analysis identified eight independent markers of survival: age, FEV1/FVC, PaO2, PaCO2, 6MWD, BMI, serum transthyretin, CRP ≥ 5 mg/l. CONCLUSIONS: In CRF, whatever the underlying diseases, besides the levels of obstructive ventilatory defect and gas exchange failure, 6MWD, BMI, serum transthyretin and CRP ≥ 5 mg/l predicted long-term survival identifying potential targets for nutritional rehabilitation.

Keywords
  • C-reactive protein
  • Chronic obstructive
  • Hypoxemia
  • Nutrition
  • Pulmonary disease
  • Transthyretin
Citation (ISO format)
CANO, Noël J. et al. Survival of patients with chronic respiratory failure on long-term oxygen therapy and or non-invasive ventilation at home. In: Clinical nutrition, 2015, vol. 34, n° 4, p. 739–744. doi: 10.1016/j.clnu.2014.08.011
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ISSN of the journal0261-5614
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