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Stimulation of the gonadotropic axis by the neuropeptide Y receptor Y1 antagonist/Y4 agonist 1229U91 in the male rat

Raposinho, PD
Hayward, A
Akinsanya, K
Galyean, R
Schteingart, C
Junien, J
Published in Neuroendocrinology. 2000, vol. 71, no. 1, p. 2-7
Abstract Neuropeptide Y (NPY) is a highly potent orexigenic substance that is also known to modulate gonadotropin secretion. Five receptor subtypes for NPY have been identified, and a potent antagonist for the receptor subtype 1 (Y1), 1229U91, also known as GW1229 or GR231118, has been described. Subsequently, 1229U91 was also shown to represent a highly potent agonist for the Y4 receptor subtype. Very unexpectedly, intracerebroventricular administration of 1229U91 elicited an intense, dose-dependent surge of both luteinizing hormone (LH) and follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) in intact male rats that lasted for 6 h. Such stimulation was absent when a potent gonadotropin-releasing hormone antagonist was administered systemically, suggesting that 1229U91 acts centrally to stimulate gonadotropin-releasing hormone release. 1229U91 administration had no effect on growth hormone, thyroid-stimulating hormone, and corticosterone secretions. In addition to 1229U91, four other parent dimer molecules described earlier produced a marked and sustained stimulation of LH when injected intracerebroventricularly that was proportional to their binding affinity for the Y4 receptor. Central administration of the specific Y1 antagonist BIBO3304 (20 microgram) had no effect on LH secretion, making it unlikely for 1229U91 to stimulate LH secretion by an antagonistic action on the Y1 receptor subtype, thus suggesting a Y4 receptor mediation. In conclusion, the 1229U91 molecule displays an interesting conformational epitope that is able to generate large LH surges, possibly by activating Y4 or Y4-like receptor subtypes or by acting on a NPY receptor unrelated target.
Keywords AnimalsArginine/analogs & derivatives/pharmacologyCOS CellsDose-Response Relationship, DrugFollicle Stimulating Hormone/metabolismGonadotropin-Releasing Hormone/metabolismInjections, IntraventricularLuteinizing Hormone/metabolismMaleNeurosecretory Systems/chemistry/drug effects/metabolismPeptides, Cyclic/pharmacologyRatsRats, Sprague-DawleyReceptors, LHRH/genetics/metabolismReceptors, Neuropeptide Y/antagonists & inhibitors/metabolismTransfection
PMID: 10644893
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RAPOSINHO, PD et al. Stimulation of the gonadotropic axis by the neuropeptide Y receptor Y1 antagonist/Y4 agonist 1229U91 in the male rat. In: Neuroendocrinology, 2000, vol. 71, n° 1, p. 2-7. doi: 10.1159/000054514 https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:73164

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Deposited on : 2015-06-10

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