en
Scientific article
French

Indications et resultats de la transplantation hepatique dans le Indications et résultats de la transplantation hépatique dans le traitement des carcinomes hépatocellulaires sur cirrhose

Published inAnnales de chirurgie, vol. 52, no. 6, p. 547-557
Publication date1998
Abstract

Liver transplantation is a treatment for hepatocellular carcinoma in cirrhosis which is both recognized, because potentially radical, and controversial because associated with a high risk of recurrence. This study reports the results of a consecutive series of 125 patients transplanted for hepatocellular carcinoma in cirrhosis over an 11-year period. Liver transplantation was indicated because of the tumour in 92 cases (74%) and the tumour was an incidental finding in 13 cases (10%) or was discovered on histological examination of the hepatectomy specimen in 20 cases (16%). The operative mortality at two months was 4% with a 20% morbidity, due to vascular (6%) or biliary (14%) complications. Tumour recurrence was observed in 26 patients (21%) Recurrence was exceptional in the incidental or histological forms of hepatocellular carcinoma (5%) and more frequent when the tumour constituted the indication for transplantation (27%). The risk of recurrence and the survival were significantly influenced by the maximal tumour diameter (greater than 30 mm), the number of tumour nodules (greater than 3) and the presence of portal invasion. Inclusion of these factors in patient selection during the second phase of the study allowed a reduction of the risk of recurrence from 33 to 11% and improvement of the 3-year post-transplantation survival from 53 to 76%. Tumours less than or equal to 30 mm in diameter, with no more than 3 nodules, and without portal invasion are ideal indications for transplantation. Tumours with more than 3 nodules and larger than 30 mm appear to constitute a contraindication to transplantation, unless tumour reduction can be achieved by chemoembolization. Intermediate forms of hepatocellular carcinoma between these two extreme forms are possible indications for transplantation, depending on the availability of liver transplants.

Keywords
  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/etiology/pathology/surgery
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Liver Cirrhosis/complications
  • Liver Neoplasms/etiology/pathology/surgery
  • Liver Transplantation/adverse effects/methods/mortality
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Neoplasm Staging
  • Patient Selection
  • Prognosis
  • Risk Factors
  • Survival Analysis
  • Treatment Outcome
Citation (ISO format)
ADAM, R et al. Indications et resultats de la transplantation hepatique dans le Indications et résultats de la transplantation hépatique dans le traitement des carcinomes hépatocellulaires sur cirrhose. In: Annales de chirurgie, 1998, vol. 52, n° 6, p. 547–557.
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ISSN of the journal0003-3944
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