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Simian virus 40 T antigens and J domains: analysis of Hsp40 cochaperone functions in Escherichia coli

Lang, Florence
Vartikar, J. V.
Rundell, Kathleen
Pipas, J. M.
Georgopoulos, Costa Panos
Published in Journal of virology. 2003, vol. 77, no. 19, p. 10706-10713
Abstract The N-terminal exon of DNA tumor virus T antigens represents a J domain that can direct interaction with the host-encoded Hsp70 chaperones. We have taken advantage of rapid Hsp40 cochaperone assays with Escherichia coli to assess simian virus 40 (SV40)-encoded J-domain loss of function. We found a strong correlation between loss of cochaperone function in E. coli and defective SV40 growth, suggesting that the major role of the J domain in DNA tumor viruses is to provide cochaperone function. We also report the expression of native SV40 virus T antigens in E. coli. Our results show that small t antigen, but not large T antigen (LT) or LT truncation TN125 or TN136, can functionally replace under limited growth conditions DnaJ (Hsp40) function in vivo. In addition, purified small t antigen can efficiently stimulate E. coli DnaK's (Hsp70) ATPase in vitro, thus behaving like a bona fide cochaperone. Furthermore, small t amino acids 83 to 174, which are adjacent to the viral J domain, can replace the E. coli DnaJ J-domain glycine-phenylalanine-rich domain, immediately adjacent to the J-domain sequences, even in the absence of significant amino acid similarity to their DnaJ counterpart. Taken together, our studies demonstrate that functionally related Hsp40 proteins from mammalian viral systems can be rapidly studied in bacteria and exploited to probe the universally conserved Hsp70 chaperone machine mechanism.
Keywords Amino Acid SequenceAntigens, Polyomavirus Transforming/ chemistry/physiologyDNA ReplicationEscherichia coli/ physiologyEscherichia coli ProteinsHSP40 Heat-Shock ProteinsHeat-Shock Proteins/ physiologyMolecular Chaperones/ physiologyMolecular Sequence DataMutation
PMID: 12970459
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GENEVAUX, Pierre et al. Simian virus 40 T antigens and J domains: analysis of Hsp40 cochaperone functions in Escherichia coli. In: Journal of virology, 2003, vol. 77, n° 19, p. 10706-10713. doi: 10.1128/jvi.77.19.10706-10713.2003 https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:7266

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Deposited on : 2010-06-21

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