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Inactivation of a subpopulation of human neutrophils by exposure to ultrahigh-molecular-weight polyethylene wear debris

Huggler, Elzbieta
Frehel, Claude
Published in FEMS immunology and medical microbiology. 2007, vol. 49, no. 3, p. 425-432
Abstract Polymorphonuclear neutrophils, a first line of defence against invading microbial pathogens, may be attracted by inflammatory mediators triggered by ultrahigh-molecular-weight polyethylene (UHMWPE) wear particles released from orthopaedic prostheses. Phagocytosis of UHMWPE particles by neutrophils may indirectly compromise their phagocytic-bactericidal mechanisms, thus enhancing host susceptibility to microbial infections. In an in vitro assay, pre-exposure of purified human neutrophils to UHMWPE micrometre- and submicrometre-sized wear particles interfered with subsequent Staphylococcos aureus uptake in a heterogeneous way, as assessed by a dual label fluorescence microscopic assay that discriminated intracellular rhodamine-labelled UHMWPE particles from fluorescein isothiocyanate-labelled S. aureus. Indeed, a higher percentage (44%) of neutrophils having engulfed UHMWPE particles lost the ability to phagocytize S. aureus, compared with UHMWPE-free neutrophils (<3%). Pre-exposure of neutrophils to UHMWPE wear particles did not impair but rather stimulated their oxidative burst response in a chemoluminescence assay. The presence of UHMWPE wear particles did not lead to significant overall consumption of complement-mediated opsonic factors nor decreased surface membrane display of neutrophil complement receptors. In conclusion, engulfment of UHMWPE wear particles led to inactivation of S. aureus uptake in nearly half of the neutrophil population, which may potentially impair host clearance mechanisms against pyogenic infections.
Keywords Cells, CulturedChemiluminescent MeasurementsComplement System Proteins/immunologyFluorescent DyesHumansMicrobial ViabilityMicroscopy, FluorescenceNeutrophils/ immunologyParticle SizePhagocytosisPolyethylenesReceptors, Complement/metabolismRespiratory Burst/ physiologyStaining and LabelingStaphylococcus aureus/immunology
PMID: 17343684
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Research group Chirurgie orthopédique et traumatologique (98)
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BERNARD, Louis et al. Inactivation of a subpopulation of human neutrophils by exposure to ultrahigh-molecular-weight polyethylene wear debris. In: FEMS immunology and medical microbiology, 2007, vol. 49, n° 3, p. 425-432. doi: 10.1111/j.1574-695X.2007.00222.x https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:7101

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Deposited on : 2010-06-21

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