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The value of bacterial culture during clean orthopedic surgery: a prospective study of 1,036 patients

Published in Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology. 2004, vol. 25, no. 6, p. 512-514
Abstract OBJECTIVE: To determine whether bacterial cultures of the wounds of patients undergoing clean orthopedic surgery would help predict infection. METHODS: During 1 year, 1,256 cultures were performed for 1,102 patients who underwent clean orthopedic surgery. Results were analyzed to evaluate their ability to predict postoperative infection. RESULTS: The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value of the cultures were 38%, 92%, 7%, and 99%, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Cultures performed during clean orthopedic surgery were not useful for predicting postoperative infection.
Keywords AdolescentAdultAgedAged, 80 and overAntibiotic ProphylaxisBacterial Infections/classification/ microbiology/prevention & controlColony Count, MicrobialDrug Resistance, BacterialFemaleHumansIntraoperative PeriodMaleMiddle AgedOrthopedic Procedures/ adverse effectsProspective StudiesRisk AssessmentSensitivity and SpecificitySurgical Wound Infection/ microbiology/prevention & controlSwitzerland
PMID: 15242201
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Research group Chirurgie orthopédique et traumatologique (98)
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BERNARD, Louis et al. The value of bacterial culture during clean orthopedic surgery: a prospective study of 1,036 patients. In: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology, 2004, vol. 25, n° 6, p. 512-514. doi: 10.1086/502431 https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:7099

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Deposited on : 2010-06-21

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