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Synthetic Catalytic Pores

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Published in Journal of the American Chemical Society. 2003, vol. 125, no. 26, p. 7776-7777
Abstract Catalytic activity of a synthetic multifunctional pore is studied in large unilamellar vesicles under conditions where substrate and synthetic catalytic pore (SCP) approach the membrane either from the same side (cis catalysis) or from opposite sides (trans catalysis). A synthetic supramolecular rigid-rod ß-barrel with excellent ion channel characteristics is identified as SCP using 8-acetoxypyrene-1,3,6-trisulfonate (AcPTS) as model substrate. The key finding is that application of supportive membrane potentials increases the initial velocity of AcPTS esterolysis (v0). This results in an increase of Vmax beyond experimental error (+30%), whereas KM increases less significantly. Long-range electrostatic steering by the membrane potential, possibly guiding substrates into the transmembrane catalyst and, more importantly, accelerating product release (foff = 1.3) is discussed as one possible explanation of this global reduction of catalyst saturation. Control experiments show, inter alia, that similarly strong changes do not occur with opposing membrane potentials.
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SAKAI, Naomi, SORDE, Nathalie, MATILE, Stefan. Synthetic Catalytic Pores. In: Journal of the American Chemical Society, 2003, vol. 125, n° 26, p. 7776-7777. https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:6987

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Deposited on : 2010-06-18

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