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Mitogen-activated protein kinase phosphatase is required for genotoxic stress relief in Arabidopsis

Revenkova, E.
di Sansebastiano, G. P.
Bechtold, N.
Published in Genes and Development. 2001, vol. 15, no. 6, p. 699-709
Abstract Genotoxic stress activates complex cellular responses allowing for the repair of DNA damage and proper cell recovery. Although plants are exposed constantly to increasing solar UV irradiation, the signaling cascades activated by genotoxic environments are largely unknown. We have identified an Arabidopsis mutant (mkp1) hypersensitive to genotoxic stress treatments (UV-C and methyl methanesulphonate) due to disruption of a gene that encodes an Arabidopsis homolog of mitogen-activated protein kinase phosphatase (AtMKP1). Growth of the mkp1 mutant under standard conditions is indistinguishable from wild type, indicating a stress-specific function of AtMKP1. MAP kinase phosphatases (MKPs), the potent inactivators of MAP kinases, are considered important regulators of MAP kinase signaling. Although biochemical data from mammalian cell cultures suggests an involvement of MKPs in cellular stress responses, there is no in vivo genetic support for this view in any multicellular organism. The genetic and biochemical data presented here imply a central role for a MAP kinase cascade in genotoxic stress signaling in plants and indicate AtMKP1 to be a crucial regulator of the MAP kinase activity in vivo, determining the outcome of the cellular reaction and the level of genotoxic resistance.
Keywords Amino Acid SequenceArabidopsis/enzymology/geneticsArabidopsis ProteinsDNA, Complementary/metabolismElectrophoresis, Polyacrylamide GelImmunoblottingLycopersicon esculentum/geneticsMAP Kinase Signaling SystemMethyl MethanesulfonateMitogen-Activated Protein Kinases/genetics/physiologyModels, GeneticMolecular Sequence DataMutagenesisMutagensMutationPhenotypePolymerase Chain ReactionSequence Homology, Amino AcidSignal TransductionUltraviolet RaysZea mays/genetics
PMID: 11274055
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ULM, Roman et al. Mitogen-activated protein kinase phosphatase is required for genotoxic stress relief in Arabidopsis. In: Genes & development, 2001, vol. 15, n° 6, p. 699-709. doi: 10.1101/gad.192601

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Deposited on : 2010-06-08

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