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Title

Computational study of the cooperative effects of nitrogen and silicon atoms on the singlet-triplet energy spacing in 1,3-diradicals and the reactivity of their singlet states

Authors
Nakamura, Takeshi
Abe, Manabu
Published in Journal of Physical Organic Chemistry. 2010, vol. 23, p. 300-307
Abstract Quantumchemical calculationswere performed to investigate the cooperative effect of the nitrogen and silicon atoms on the singlet–triplet energy spacing and the reactivity of the singlet state in 1,2-diazacyclopentane-3,5-diyls and 1,2-diaza-4-silacyclopentane-3,5-diyls. The largest singlet–triplet energy gap (DEc ST ¼S36.1 kcal/mol) found so far in localized 1,3-diradicals was in the C2v symmetry of 4,4-difluoro-1,2-diaza-4-silacyclopentane-3,5-diyl at the UB3LYP/ 6-31G(d) level of theory. The cooperative effect was also found in the energy differences of singlet diradicals with the corresponding ring-closing compounds, bicyclo[2.1.0]pentane derivatives. The singlet state of the 1,2-diaza-4-silacyclopentane- 3,5-diyls was calculated to be energeticallymore stable than the ring-closing compound. The notable finding on the stability of the singlet diradicalsmay be attributed to the resonance structures that specifically stabilize the singlet state of diradicals. The computational studies predict that the singlet 1,2-diaza-4-silacyclopentane-3,5-diyl is a persistent molecule under conditions without intermolecular-trapping reagents.
Keywords Cooperative effectHeteroatom effectHomolytic reactionsNitrogen-atom effectQuantum chemical calculationsSilicon-atom effectSinglet diradicalsSubstituent effect
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NAKAMURA, Takeshi, GAGLIARDI, Laura, ABE, Manabu. Computational study of the cooperative effects of nitrogen and silicon atoms on the singlet-triplet energy spacing in 1,3-diradicals and the reactivity of their singlet states. In: Journal of Physical Organic Chemistry, 2010, vol. 23, p. 300-307. https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:6524

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Deposited on : 2010-05-06

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