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Leader neurons in population bursts of 2D living neural networks

Authors
Jacobi, Shimshon
Marom, Shimon
Moses, Elisha
Published in New Journal of Physics. 2008, vol. 10, no. 1
Abstract Eytan and Marom recently showed that the spontaneous burst activity of rat neuron cultures includes `first to fire' cells that consistently fire earlier than others. Here we analyze the behavior of these neurons in long term recordings of spontaneous activity of rat hippocampal and rat cortical neuron cultures from three different laboratories. We identify precursor events that may either subside (`aborted bursts') or can lead to a full-blown burst (`pre-bursts'). We find that the activation in the pre-burst typically has a first neuron (`leader'), followed by a localized response in its neighborhood. Locality is diminished in the bursts themselves. The long term dynamics of the leaders is relatively robust, evolving with a half-life of 23-34 hours. We show that the leaders carry information about the identity of the burst, as measured by the signature of the number of spikes per neuron in a burst. The number of spikes from leaders in the first few spikes of a precursor event is furthermore shown to be predictive with regard to the transition into a burst (pre-burst versus aborted burst). We conclude that the leaders play a role in the development of the bursts.
Keywords NeuronNeural networkLiving neural networkBurstLeader neuron
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ECKMANN, Jean-Pierre et al. Leader neurons in population bursts of 2D living neural networks. In: New Journal of Physics, 2008, vol. 10, n° 1. https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:6368

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Deposited on : 2010-04-27

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