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Long-term follow-up of cadaveric breast augmentation: what can we learn?

Published in Aesthetic Surgery Journal. 2015, vol. 35, no. 4, p. NP89-94
Abstract Breast augmentation with cadaveric fat graft has long been available to patients in Eastern European countries, primarily in the Soviet Union and Eastern Germany. Most such procedures were performed from the 1970s to the 1990s. Although only a few case reports have been published, all of which involved complications that appeared several years after the procedure, it appears that, surprisingly, this nonvascularized and incompatible immunologic tissue is relatively well tolerated. We present the case of a 45-year-old Russian woman who underwent breast explantation, due to breast hardness and pain, 15 years after breast augmentation with cadaveric fat grafting. Through genetic studies, we confirmed that the host and the graft were HLA incompatible. Moreover, results of analyses excluded the possibility of an acute or chronic immunologic rejection by the host. We suppose that the early complications that often occur in such cases might result from a nonspecific, inflammatory reaction induced by acute tissue ischemia and necrosis, and the late local complications that occur years later may relate more to chronic inflammation, due to nonvascularized tissue, than to immunologic rejection. Therefore, we propose that different mechanisms may explain how this allogenic fat tissue could have been tolerated by the patient's immune system. We particularly underline the immunomodulatory effect of mesenchymal stem cells, which are abundant in adipose tissues. This characteristic of fat tissue should be investigated further to assess its potential in treating autoimmune diseases or reducing the likelihood of allograft rejections.
PMID: 25825423
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Article (Published version) (667 Kb) - document accessible for UNIGE members only Limited access to UNIGE
Research groups Groupe Pittet Cuenod Brigitte (chirurgie plastique et reconstructive) (96)
Transplantation Immunologie et Osteoimmunologie (561)
Métastases du foie (657)
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MODARRESSI GHAVAMI, Seyed Ali et al. Long-term follow-up of cadaveric breast augmentation: what can we learn?. In: Aesthetic Surgery Journal, 2015, vol. 35, n° 4, p. NP89-94. doi: 10.1093/asj/sju074 https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:56139

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Deposited on : 2015-05-13

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