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Hepatic nuclear factor-3 (HNF-3 or Foxa2) regulates glucagon gene transcription by binding to the G1 and G2 promoter elements

Published in Molecular Endocrinology. 2002, vol. 16, no. 1, p. 170-83
Abstract Glucagon gene expression in the endocrine pancreas is controlled by three islet-specific elements (G3, G2, and G4) and the alpha-cell-specific element G1. Two proteins interacting with G1 have previously been identified as Pax6 and Cdx2/3. We identify here the third yet uncharacterized complex on G1 as hepatocyte nuclear factor 3 (HNF-3)beta, a member of the HNF-3/forkhead transcription family, which plays an important role in the development of endoderm-related organs. HNF-3 has been previously demonstrated to interact with the G2 element and to be crucial for glucagon gene expression; we thus define a second binding site for this transcription on the glucagon gene promoter. We demonstrate that both HNF-3alpha and -beta produced in heterologous cells can interact with similar affinities to either the G1 or G2 element. Pax6, which binds to an overlapping site on G1, exhibited a greater affinity as compared with HNF-3alpha or -beta. We show that both HNF-3beta and -alpha can transactivate glucagon gene transcription through the G2 and G1 elements. However, HNF-3 via its transactivating domains specifically impaired Pax6-mediated transactivation of the glucagon promoter but had no effect on transactivation by Cdx2/3. We suggest that HNF-3 may play a dual role on glucagon gene transcription by 1) inhibiting the transactivation potential of Pax6 on the G1 and G3 elements and 2) direct activation through G1 and G2.
Keywords AnimalsBase SequenceBinding SitesCell LineCricetinaeDNA-Binding Proteins/genetics/metabolismEye ProteinsGene Expression RegulationGlucagon/genetics/metabolismHepatocyte Nuclear Factor 3-alphaHepatocyte Nuclear Factor 3-betaHomeodomain Proteins/genetics/metabolismKidney/cytologyMesocricetusMolecular Sequence DataNuclear Proteins/genetics/metabolismPaired Box Transcription FactorsPromoter Regions, GeneticRepressor ProteinsTrans-ActivatorsTranscription FactorsTranscription, Genetic
PMID: 11773447
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Research group Etude des altérations du gène ATM dans divers cancers de l'enfant (178)
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GAUTHIER, Benoît et al. Hepatic nuclear factor-3 (HNF-3 or Foxa2) regulates glucagon gene transcription by binding to the G1 and G2 promoter elements. In: Molecular Endocrinology, 2002, vol. 16, n° 1, p. 170-83. https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:55980

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Deposited on : 2015-04-30

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