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Re-expression of alpha skeletal actin as a marker for dedifferentiation in cardiac pathologies

Driesen, Ronald B.
Verheyen, Fons K.
Debie, Wiel
Blaauw, Erik
Babiker, Fawzi A.
Cornelussen, Richard N M.
Ausma, Jannie
Lenders, Marie-Hélène
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Published in Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine. 2009, vol. 13, no. 5, p. 896-908
Abstract Differentiation of foetal cardiomyocytes is accompanied by sequential actin isoform expression, i.e. down-regulation of the 'embryonic' alpha smooth muscle actin, followed by an up-regulation of alpha skeletal actin (alphaSKA) and a final predominant expression of alpha cardiac actin (alphaCA). Our objective was to detect whether re-expression of alphaSKA occurred during cardiomyocyte dedifferentiation, a phenomenon that has been observed in different pathologies characterized by myocardial dysfunction. Immunohistochemistry of alphaCA, alphaSKA and cardiotin was performed on left ventricle biopsies from human patients after coronary bypass surgery. Furthermore, actin isoform expression was investigated in left ventricle samples of rabbit hearts suffering from pressure- and volume-overload and in adult rabbit ventricular cardiomyocytes during dedifferentiation in vitro. Atrial goat samples up to 16 weeks of sustained atrial fibrillation (AF) were studied ultrastructurally and were immunostained for alphaCA and alphaSKA. Up-regulation of alphaSKA was observed in human ventricular cardiomyocytes showing down-regulation of alphaCA and cardiotin. A patchy re-expression pattern of alphaSKA was observed in rabbit left ventricular tissue subjected to pressure- and volume-overload. Dedifferentiating cardiomyocytes in vitro revealed a degradation of the contractile apparatus and local re-expression of alphaSKA. Comparable alphaSKA staining patterns were found in several areas of atrial goat tissue during 16 weeks of AF together with a progressive glycogen accumulation at the same time intervals. The expression of alphaSKA in adult dedifferentiating cardiomyocytes, in combination with PAS-positive glycogen and decreased cardiotin expression, offers an additional tool in the evaluation of myocardial dysfunction and indicates major changes in the contractile properties of these cells.
Keywords Actinin/metabolismActins/metabolismAnimalsAortic Valve Insufficiency/metabolism/pathologyAtrial Fibrillation/metabolism/pathologyBiological Markers/metabolismCell Dedifferentiation/physiologyCells, CulturedCoronary Artery Disease/metabolism/pathologyDown-Regulation/physiologyFemaleGlycogen/metabolismGoatsHumansMyocardial Stunning/metabolism/pathologyMyocytes, Cardiac/metabolism/pathologyProtein Isoforms/metabolismRabbitsUp-Regulation/physiology
PMID: 19538254
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Research group Groupe Christine Chaponnier (pathologie et immunologie) (171)
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DRIESEN, Ronald B. et al. Re-expression of alpha skeletal actin as a marker for dedifferentiation in cardiac pathologies. In: Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine, 2009, vol. 13, n° 5, p. 896-908. doi: 10.1111/j.1582-4934.2008.00523.x https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:5536

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Deposited on : 2010-03-23

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