Scientific article
Open access

Effectiveness of Iyengar yoga in treating spinal (back and neck) pain: A systematic review

Published inInternational journal of yoga, vol. 8, no. 1, p. 3-14
Publication date2015

Considerable amount of money spent in health care is used for treatments of lifestyle related, chronic health conditions, which come from behaviors that contribute to morbidity and mortality of the population. Back and neck pain are two of the most common musculoskeletal problems in modern society that have significant cost in health care. Yoga, as a branch of complementary alternative medicine, has emerged and is showing to be an effective treatment against nonspecific spinal pain. Recent studies have shown positive outcome of yoga in general on reducing pain and functional disability of the spine. The objective of this study is to conduct a systematic review of the existing research within Iyengar yoga method and its effectiveness on relieving back and neck pain (defined as spinal pain). Database research form the following sources (Cochrane library, NCBI PubMed, the Clinical Trial Registry of the Indian Council of Medical Research, Google Scholar, EMBASE, CINAHL, and PsychINFO) demonstrated inclusion and exclusion criteria that selected only Iyengar yoga interventions, which in turn, identified six randomized control trials dedicated to compare the effectiveness of yoga for back and neck pain versus other care. The difference between the groups on the postintervention pain or functional disability intensity assessment was, in all six studies, favoring the yoga group, which projected a decrease in back and neck pain. Overall six studies with 570 patients showed, that Iyengar yoga is an effective means for both back and neck pain in comparison to control groups. This systematic review found strong evidence for short-term effectiveness, but little evidence for long-term effectiveness of yoga for chronic spine pain in the patient-centered outcomes.

Citation (ISO format)
CROW, Edith Meszaros, JEANNOT, Emilien, TREWHELA, Alison. Effectiveness of Iyengar yoga in treating spinal (back and neck) pain: A systematic review. In: International journal of yoga, 2015, vol. 8, n° 1, p. 3–14. doi: 10.4103/0973-6131.146046
Main files (1)
Article (Published version)
ISSN of the journal0973-6131

Technical informations

Creation03/11/2015 3:35:00 PM
First validation03/11/2015 3:35:00 PM
Update time03/14/2023 11:09:11 PM
Status update03/14/2023 11:09:11 PM
Last indexation05/02/2024 4:07:51 PM
All rights reserved by Archive ouverte UNIGE and the University of GenevaunigeBlack