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The challenges in paediatric pulmonary arterial hypertension

Berger, Rolf
Published in European Respiratory Review. 2014, vol. 23, no. 134, p. 498-504
Abstract Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a rare, progressive disease affecting both adults and children. While overall survival has improved in recent years, the need for improved therapeutic approaches remains. Treatments for paediatric PAH have not yet been sufficiently examined, particularly regarding potential toxicities and optimal dosing, and there is a lack of appropriate clinical trial end-points and validated treatment goals that might enable a goal-oriented therapeutic approach. Adult randomised controlled trials in PAH are demonstrating a shift towards more long-term designs, focusing on mortality and morbidity end-points rather than changes in 6-min walking distance. However, such trial designs may not be feasible within the paediatric setting due to challenges such as sufficient recruitment and retention of paediatric patients. Consideration should, therefore, be given towards identifying optimal end-points for the paediatric population, allowing sufficient duration to evaluate efficacy and safety of potential treatments. Herein we consider some of the complexities involved in the management of paediatric PAH, specifically presenting diagnostic challenges as well as reflecting on the lack of evidence currently available to support various therapeutic approaches within the paediatric population.
PMID: 25445948
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Article (Published version) (352 Kb) - public document Free access
Research group L'hypertension pulmonaire (pédiatrie) (228)
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BEGHETTI, Maurice, BERGER, Rolf. The challenges in paediatric pulmonary arterial hypertension. In: European Respiratory Review, 2014, vol. 23, n° 134, p. 498-504. doi: 10.1183/09059180.00007714 https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:55238

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Deposited on : 2015-04-08

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